*** MORNING SESSION ***
Chair: Welcome to CND63. I welcome Chief of UNODC Medical Service to talk about coronavirus.
Dr: WHO has introduced guidelines on COVID19 outbreak. Measures to make and keep up safe. Latest numbers: quite a big number of people affected – mainly in China. Now more in other countries than China alone. Main transmission is coughing, sneezing, touching surfaces. Symptoms: fever>38 degrees C, shortness of breath, exposure to COVID19 virus. Incubation period: 1-14 days. Austrian Health Authorities have mandatory reporting cases – no travel restrictions currently. 1826 tests in Austria, 15 confirmed. Main transmission is droplets. Prevention measures: check info flyer. Key messages: avoid close contact, cover your coughs – as droplets is one transmission way – avoid touching surfaces and your face. Wash your hands and use hand sanitiser. Refrain from handshakes – it’s a classic way to transmit. If you have symptoms, do not come to work and to this session. If you have a health issue, visit medical service. More messages on UNODC webpage. WHO posters on webpage.
Chair: This is the 63rd session. Threat from illicit drugs grows. NPS and synthetic drugs are making this more complex, especially for younger generations. It’s important the international session addresses this. As chair, it’s my endeavour to promote the messages of the CND, from myself and my country, Pakistan. This session is also being shown in Board Room A. Here’s a short video about the commission.
Item 1. Election of officers
Chair: Procedural matters. There are 6 meetings to discuss organisational matters. Thank my colleagues in extended bureau. Thank my predecessor. The first item: Election of officers.
Chile elected as LA and Caribbean states. First vice chair: Poland. Rapporteur: Nigeria. No objections. Decided. We know have all the officers. I congratulate you.
Item 2. Adoption of the agenda and other organizational matters
Chair: Endorsement of extended bureau. Item 5a: Tuesday afternoon. Item 6: Also Tuesday afternoon. Youth forum will address at beginning of Wednesday afternoon session. No objections. Decided. Item 4 starts after General Debate. COW suspended during Item 5a – changes in scope of control of substances. INCB suggestions are considered then, as are WHO suggestions. The commission will further consider cannabis and cannabis-related substances were considered in informals. Draft ARQ will be taken up in Item 6a – on Thursday. COW: starts in afternoon today, until Friday morning. Resolutions considered in COW – please be aware of time. There are many speakers for Item 3, we’ll now have a night session that starts at 7.30pm.
Item 3. General debate
UNODC Executive Director: Three years ago I came to Vienna as part of the Egyptian Delegation. As Minister, I worked with UNODC in developing my country’s drugs plan. I also participated in the 62nd Commission and contributed our own country’s experience to the 2019 Ministerial Declaration. I am proud to be here again as Executive Director and a member of the UN family. Challenging times. Important to achieve the SDGs. I take this responsibility seriously. I am determined to ensure UNODC, with its unique integrated mandate, can live up to its full potential as we provide support needed in Vienna and beyond, in collaboration with academia, civil society and Member States. Thank you for your commitment to address all challenges affecting our society. 1/7 access treatment. Far less women access treatment, resulting from barriers including stigma. Poverty also leads households to cultivate coca and opium. Police officers and other law enforcement officers are losing their lives in this fight. To implement the conventions and commitments in line with the 2019 Ministerial Declaration. To ensure access to controlled medicines in partnership with WHO. To work with the private sector. UNODC leads a global integrated response to prevent future crises. Offering practical tools. International standards developed by UNODC and WHO help deliver rights based prevention and treatment of drug use disorders and enable reintegration and rehabilitation to ensure the health and welfare of our societies. Support member states to perform data collection. New surveys in India and Nigeria last year favoured a better estimate of 53.4 million people worldwide had used opioids. Shows how crucial it is to improve data collection and analysis with Member States. UNOC will be launching on 26 June the World Drug Report, hoping spurring dialogue and action. You can rely on UNODC for its steadfast support as we look to this commission for guidance and setting priorities, and Member States to support our work. We work for you. Our strategy will be discussed with member states in the months ahead. I welcome the devotion of the Vienna based commissions to achieve consensus to solve shared problems. Every country and region faces unique challenges. Working to find common ground is crucial to effect change. Inspired by this, let us begin this week with determination and optimism.
INCB President: With the adoption of the MS2019 last year, the members of the CND reaffirmed their shared commitment to enhance their efforts to bridge the gaps in addressing the persistent gaps in implementing balanced, integrated, comprehensive, multidisciplinary and evidence-based responses to the world drug problem. To support society and particularly children and youth. The Declaration reaffirmed the treaty-mandated roles of CND, WHO and INCB, and the importance of cooperation in implementing the drug control conventions. I wish to highlight that the Board in its report for 2019 focused on substance use prevention and treatment for young people. The Convention of the Rights of the Child, in art. 33, commits member states to protect children from drugs and prevent the involvement of children in illicit markets. The Board reaffirms the importance of these are implemented systematically, using evidence-based tools, supporting practitioners and policy markets in developing knowledge, skills and competencies. One of the UNGASS recommendations concerned the need to promote and protect all human rights and fundamental freedoms of all individuals and the rule of law in implementing drug policies. The Board expresses its serious concern with the continued reports of great human rights violations perpetrated in the name of drug control. We call for the immediate end to extrajudicial responses to suspected drug criminality and sue. When drug control measures violate international human rights standards, they also violate the drug control conventions. Although the determination of specific sanctions remains the prerogative of State parties, the Conventions provide the possibility for States to develop and implement proportionate measures while providing possibilities of subjecting lesser crimes to alternatives to convection, punishment and . Including rehabilitation, education and social reintegration. On the issue of capital punishment, we call all states that retain the capital punishment to consider its abolition, reflecting ag global consensus on this point. Recent years have seen developments in State parties to develop and adopt cannabis legalisation in contravention of the drug control conventions. IN response to this development, INCB reiterates that the 1961 and 1971 conventions oblige state parties to limit production, manufacture and export, import, distribution of and trade in and use and possession of drugs to scientific and medical purposes. This duty is to each contracting party to implement. This fundamental principle continues to represent a common approach to the protection of health and welfare of humanity, through the limitation to legitimate purposes. The Board is held to uphold the mandate provisions in exercising its quasi-judicial functions. The international community also notices the proliferation of designer precursors which tests the boundaries of the legal framework. In its 2018 report, we focused on this. I invite you to continue this policy discussion initiated in 2019 on options to respond to these challenges for a global framework to address this proliferation. The developments on precursors change the nature of the world drug problem. We call upon all parties to reflect on current tools to address these. The board has prepared a conference room paper s contribution to the normative segment. And look forward to a substantive dialogue later this year. New programme to support countries to address the challenge of synthetic drugs and opioids. The world is facing a world opioid imbalance with over-abuse in some countries, and insufficient availability of medicines controlling substances in other countries, preventing patient access to vital medicines. Ensuring the availability of substances for medical purposes is a main aim to the conventions and a key SDG 3 commitment, and UNGASS commitment, and MS2019 commitment. There is a continued need to a balanced approach to drug control whereby national, regional and international efforts need to ensure adequate access to relief of pain and suffering. Substantial discrepancies persist due to obstacles related to attitudes, awareness and professional training and resources. Another matter of concern is the serious drug control situation in Afghanistan, the poppy cultivation has reduced in terms of hectares but the illicit opioid economy remains so substantial that it exceeds the licit exports. The Board in February of last year held consultations last year to identify urgent needs to address technical and financial assistance by competent UN agencies. Some of those needs were included in the press released in February 10. We continue our readiness to cooperate with Member States to address these complex and interrelated challenges. To implement the Treaties and the SDGs.
Director general of WHO (video link):
The increase in the use of psychoactive drugs claims hundreds of thousands of lives every year. At the same time the majority of the people in the world lack access to approved medicines that relieve their pain and suffering. Everyone regardless of who they are or where they live should be able to access the treatment they need to lead a healthy and productive life. I refer to the Recommendations of the UNGASS 2016. None of us face this complex challenge alone. We work in international collaboration to ensure a response that balances the integrative and multi-disciplinary.
Chair: We now proceed to the statement of the speakers. We have agreed to 7 minutes time limit. I call on his excellency, Ambassador, PR of Mauritius to Address the Commission on behalf of the G-77 and China.
Mauritius: Thank you everyone. It is my honour to speak on behalf of G-77 and China. The group congratulates those on election. The group welcomes the new UNODC Director and looks forward to working with you to achieve more progress with better quality to better counter the world drug problem. We also appreciate the Secretariat.
The G-77 would like to express its decision to finding a way forward for formal conversation with member states on the Recommendation of the WHO on the control of cannabis and cannabis-related substances. The group calls on states to duly consider potential socio-economic and other factors of the recommendation, where applicable. The group reiterates that the world drug problem remains common and a shared responsibility that should be addressed in a multi-lateral setting, based on an integrative model, mutually reporting, balanced, scientific-evidence-based approach, with a view to promoting the health, safety and well-being. The group remains strongly convinced that supporting an effective UN system and effective action are essential in reinforcing states’ ability to counter the world drug problem. We recognise that actions taken by law enforcement and criminal justice, and health and education, and the other relevant authorities in countering the world drug problem. The group reiterates that the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961) as amended, the 1988 Convention and other international instruments. The group reaffirms its unwavering commitment to ensure that all aspects of these apply and related measures and international cooperation are achieved in full view of international law. The inherent dignity of all individuals, and equal rights.
The group reaffirms its view to eliminate illicit cultivation, trafficking etc. of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances as well as the diversion of licit drugs and money laundering, as well as illicit demand and use of drugs by promoting scientific-based, health promotion etc. The group reiterates the need for international cooperation and the need to address socio-economic issues related to the illicit cultivation, manufacture and production.
The group is concerned that the harmful effect of non-medical use of substances and calls on states to prevent diversion.
The group welcomes the option of the UN Declaration, action at international, regional and other levels, as part of joint commitment an efforts to counter the world drug problem. We remain fully committed to implementing the 2009 Declaration and the plan of action and priorities for action in the statement adopted by the high level review, and outcome document in its entirety. To effectively address and counter the World Drug Problem, it is of critical importance to enhance international cooperation at all levels. In this context the group calls upon the international community to cooperate. Calls for enhancing efforts including education. We call upon the international community to improve law enforcement, criminal justice efforts to assist them in addressing the challenges. We call for the promotion of access for controlled substances for medical and scientific substances while preventing their diversion. And to support long-term development programmes including alternative development, which includes sustainable crop control strategies, taking into account the UN guiding principles on development. We invite member states to take appropriate measures in the diversion, etc. including precursors. International cooperation on money laundering.
The group reiterates its growing concerns that the countries efforts are still lacking to enhance the representation of working countries, working member states of the UNODC. The situation of the professional, senior and policy-making level is of concern given the lack of representation of working countries. We call on UNODC to take measures to improve representation. The group calls on states to tackle the challenges of organised crime, including trafficking, and money laundering, and adopting a multi-disciplinary approach and supporting research at appropriate levels to ensure effective policy-making and intervention.
The new challenges that should be addressed within the drug control conventions which allow for sufficient flexible strategy of states parties to devise and implement national drug policy according to their policies and in line with shared responsibility for international law. The group efforts to counter the world drug problem and look for a society free of drugs, in line with the health and dignity…to assist public health and safety resulting from drug abuse.
The G-77 advertises the need of countries to provide organisation to the ongoing efforts to counter the world drug problem.
Thailand on behalf of Asia Pacific Group: Congrats to chair and welcome ED. We reaffirm that UNODC is a leading entity to work on drug control. We affirm our belief that the World Drug Problem remains a major challenge to be addressed by a multidisciplinary and balanced approach. Common shared responsibility. We fully support international cooperation. We need to enhance cooperation and we recognize the efforts of national authorities with an aim to achieve a society free of drug abuse. Capacity building to national authorities. We commit to address and counter WDP demand and supply reduction undertaken with full respect to the UN charters and the sovereignty of states. To effectively counter the World Drug Problem, the three conventions are complimentary and mutually reinforcing and to underscore the critical importance is underscored by the milestone documents of 2012, 2014, 2016 and 2019. The complexity of the WDP has evolved, increasing link trafficking and corruption and other forms of organized crimes. Data collection and analysis has to be improved to ensure effective policy making and interventions. The group reiterates that recommendations of UNGASS have t be implemented without delay to ensure health and wellbeing of humanity. Consensual and evidence-based decisions for the common and shared interests of the international community.
Croatia on behalf of EU: [a number of Balkan states are also aligned with the statement] We adopted the Ministerial Declaration a year ago to address the World Drug Problem. The situation is worsening in many parts of the World. The EU and its MS stress the importance of rebalancing the public health and human rights aspects in our responses to the problem. The health consequences of drug use are more severe and wide-spread than we thought; NPS emerging, synthetic opioids are a serious threat as is the non-medical use of painkillers. We appreciate UNODC standards in response to drug-use disorders and responses to blood-borne diseases and providing tailored responses, toolkits and research. We emphasize all MS must oblige and protect human rights of all individuals in the development and implementation of all drug policies. We recall that death penalty should be abolished. We condemn capital punishment in all contexts and all cases. EU’s recent reports remind us of the severity of the issue but also underscore the complexity of the problem so we need a balanced and comprehensive approach. Major challenges for law enforcement, we need to accelerate the implementation of the 7 chapters of the UNGASS outcome document in order to progress towards achieving the SDGs. Broader international cooperation, the illicit supply of drugs is worth billions – this is the most lucrative part of organized crime and is connected to a number of violent criminal activities. With the implementation of the EU policy cycle, we have been successful in dismantling a number of organized crime groups including drug trafficking. We vow to further develop national monitoring. We reviewed our approach to AD which is key in addressing the underlying problems of the World Drug Problem. Active multilateralism and cooperation remain the best way to achieve our goals and protect our people. We support and foster cooperation across regions, the new UN common position on drugs – we organized events to discuss this and it’s bearing. We are planning to continue to support drug-related commitments to support human rights. We need to develop policies based on evidence-based practice. The EU supports the updating of the ARQ – we thank UNODC for their continuous efforts in this regard. Civil society contributes valuably to complement our understanding of the world drug situation and also in designing national, regional prevention and harm reduction responses. We need to all step up to take on the developing challenges. Regarding the budget under the new ED, we remain ready to work in close partnership and trust you for transparency, accessibility and to make best use of independent evaluations. We will continue to work closely to monitor the development of the situation continuously.
Myanmar: It is our aim to prevent and eliminate the demand of illicit drugs and drug related problems. Illicit drugs have negative effects on society and the economy. We have law enforcement objectives. We have increased efforts to cut drugs. […] We have taken a comprehensive and inclusive approach to helping drug related problems and aim to to alleviate the harm created by drugs including by improving treatment and helping alleviate the harm of drug users. We acknowledge the importance of effective drug programmes. According to main criteria including production transportation and market demand. We would like to cooperate to prevent and eliminate the production and demand as well as the harmful effects of illicit drugs in accordance with the laws and resolutions. I would like to address the drug production which was notorious in implementing production in Asia and Myanmar. In Myanmar we want to prevent and eliminate the harmful effects of illicit drugs through intervening in production transportation and supply.
Norway: Four years ago I hoped the upcoming UNGASS would make a difference. Has it made a difference? I cannot offer a final verdict but when looking at the world’s problems by referring to the recent EU and World report I think we have a way to go. We need more forward-looking response and action. Drug control must focus on human rights, public and sustainable development: as a society we must agree on the basic assumption that drug policy is about human rights and human beings and relieving the negative effects of the drug trade. We should recognise public health and human rights as essential to address the problems of drugs. Our approach needs to focus mainly on those benefiting from the drug trade: criminal organisations. The negative consequences are only in part from drug use, but we must recognise that also the drug control policy has had negative effects. Norway is strongly against the death penalty. Our ambition is to build an inclusive society. We need strong health systems for all citizens and we are not there yet. People suffering from mental health problems and substance use disorders in Norway have a lower life expectancy because they do not receive the same health care like other people suffering from other issues such as cancer. Our sustainable goals of 2015 are a better and more sustainable future for all. One of the promises was to assume universal health coverage for those including people with substance use disorder. It is our government’s responsibility that the rights can be enjoyed by all. We must reduce stigma and discrimination – initiated drug reform, for more in-depth information please attend our event in room C3 today 1.15. Norway intended to be a clear voice for a more progressive approach up to 2019 and beyond. I have kept that promise and maintain what we have achieved and make further steps to non stigmatisation, universal health and public policy.
Jamaica: I wish to congratulate the new Chair. Please be assured of my delegation’s full support. I also wish to place on record our appreciation to the secretariat for the work done in advance of this session, which is a seminal moment for Jamaica as we take our seat as a member of the Commission. We would like to thank the countries that have supported us. Jamaica greatly values the work of the commission and ensuring that the international drug control architecture is robust and effective. We urge the commission to employ a pragmatic approach in the delivery of its mandate, against the increasing demand of the world drug problem.
The government of Jamaica’s commitment to the world drug control conventions is unquestionable. However, pioneering solutions and access to medical solutions for drugs for medical purposes while preventing their diversion is important. The present framework does not allow sufficient space for national policies against these changing realities. There are socio-economic threats stemming from the world drug problem.
We have limited resources, and have sought to find innovative ways of addressing the world drug problem. We have taken a more human rights-centred approach to drug policy, including alternatives to incarceration for minor drug offences. The govt has sought to respond to national realities. Recognising the complexity of the issue and that we can’t do it alone, we have enhanced regional cooperation with a number of countries by law enforcement agreements. We continue to benefit from capacity building exercises with our international counterparts.
Once more the recommendation on cannabis is placed before the permission and ensure states to grasp this historic opportunity to operate within an everchanging community. We acknowledge the medical and therapeutic benefits of cannabis We owe it to persons in palliative care and those with epilepsy, ME and other conditions, medical cannabis to be available where all other options have failed. We remain a principled, policy-making body in the UN. You can count on Jamaica’s full and constructive engagement.
Pakistan: I congratulate the chair. I hope that our collective vision works towards a drug-free world. Despite limited resources and technological gaps, we have been doing our best to fight illicit drugs. We will continue to struggle with the same resilience to protect our society. Pakistan is a poppy-free state since 2001 by adopting an inclusive approach including education. Poppy cultivation in the region is challenges not only for us but for all our partners.
We are also facing the challenging of methamphetamine, cocaine and other synthetic drugs. 6.7 million in our population had used drugs in 2012. This is an enormous challenge on our law enforcement as well as our socio-economic wellbeing. Pakistan is working to protect society and others from harmful illicit drugs. Supported by political partners, Pakistan is working towards a drug-free world, including through implementation of national policy, at judicial and parliamentary level. These have resulted in a substantial contribution by seizing [X] amount of drugs in 2017. 289g in 2018 and 287g in 2019. [Refers to other figures, including seizure data]
Through proven and effective contribution, comprehensive drug programmes for education, scientific and evidence-based treatment and treatment for drug addicts. We have run a number of drug campaigns in the past years. We are doing consistently well in law enforcement and international cooperation. But the area of demand, production and use of advance technology and national security are important. I would advise the commission that Pakistan is taking a strong approach for effective implemented the UN declaration, strengthening efforts to prevent drug use in an educational setting (adopted by 61st commission). We acknowledge and appreciate the consistent support of UNODC in our efforts to counter the drug problem, however we feel there is a lot more to be done to effectively counter the problem – including enhancing technical capacity of member states. Promoting international drug cooperation as enshrined in the UN charter will lead us closer to our goal. Pakistan is doing its best and is ready to cooperate in any counter-narcotics efforts. I would reaffirm the efforts of Pakistan to see out the menace of drugs from our country. We would continue to pursue the same result. In the end, I would like to quote a great poet [quotes a poem].
China: Since the outbreak of the COVID epidemic, we have done all possible to prevent and control the spread. Our transparent, open and responsible response have been highly recognised by the WHO, as well as State leaders and experts. We fully recognise that CND, UNODC, INCB, WHO have helped the international community address the drugs threat. China has been a strong supporter of the UN drug control conventions. We have honoured this commitment considering the MS2019 document and the UNGASS, under the principle of common and shared responsibility. China has implemented concrete measures to build efficacy of the response and implement education programmes for prevention focusing on children and adolescent, enriching the range of responses in this regard. Awareness of drug harms have decreased and the number of drugs seized declines. We also boosted rehabilitation so that drug-induced disease is treated. We also combat drug manufacture using different forms of technology. We have applied modern technology to combat crime, with tactical models to curb trafficking in different means of transportation. China also focuses on demand; the number of registered drug abusers has declined in 2019. China imposes controls on drugs and precursors based on humanitarian principles and the principle of common and shared responsibility. Our drug control system, based on the Conventions, should continue to be strengthened. To cope with the increased drug problems, we ask the international community to work together for our shared future: Uphold the 3 international drug control conventions, which uphold the existing system. Member States can adapt their drug control systems to their national realities but we oppose legalisation. Promote innovation in responding to new challenges. The conventional drug control cannot longer serve for the current situation. We need a more scientific proactive attitude. We have noticed the scheduling of fentanyl-related substances is important to mitigate their harm as well as that of other dangerous drugs, and implement technologies to do so. Also, coordinate efforts more effectively; targeting manufacture, addressing control and treatment. Enshrine this cooperation in legalisation and agreements to strengthen the international response. We hope Member States will uphold consensus and shared drug free future.
Kyrgyzstan: All countries have borne witness to the significant changes in the drug situation globally and regionally. I refer to NPS, new technologies in trade, etc. This points to a new phase in the drug control system. Clear new threats and challenges that require reflection and measures to tackle them. Extending control over certain substances is one among many other aspects. Supply reduction, including combatting illicit trade, is important; but this goes hand in hand with reducing demand. Preventive measures should be a priority in today’s world. Some countries have declared a halting or easing of measures on certain substances. These are challenges and threats. We respond to them with the international community. Prevention is the universal method to prevent the situation. Youth, as subjects and stakeholders, due to their particular qualities, should be key to our preventative work. In my country, we’re improving our legislation. We drafted a new counter-drug programme and law and a plan to implement them, not to mention a new legal decree. UNODC was supportive, as well as other donors and partners. But this problem requires further action. Strengthening technical capacity, exchanging frontline experience, information. We invite partners to join this work.
Spain: Good morning, delegates. To my colleagues from the Spanish committee, I would like to share with you some points of interest. I would like to remind you of the basis of Spain’s drug policy – in the 80s, because of the heroin epidemic, drugs were the third concern of Spanish society according to surveys. The response organised by Spanish society and government made it possible to plan and implemented comprehensive solutions based on professional services including risk and harm reduction, and we continue to be a pioneer in this – as internationally acknowledged – to employ significant preventive care and social action.
Our drugs regulation is based on human rights. That consideration has enabled us to implement prevention and assistance policies based on bio-psycho-social models with personalised itineraries, putting the needs of the patient first, as well as a risk-reduction policy. One instrument of interest is the funds from drug trafficking. This fund was established in 1995 when Spain ratified the Vienna convention. It established that the proceeds could be established through domestic law. How do it work? Well I don’t have a lot of time, but we are organising a side event which will give a very detailed presentation on Wednesday at 1 o’clock.
The fund is composed of the seized assets through conviction in drug trafficking cases. That is to say, crimes that are covered by our law on drug trafficking, smuggling, penalties and seizures may – through our law on licit chemical substances – and money laundering from drug trafficking. Therefore this fund has assets which offset the damage caused by drug trafficking and also contributes to combating drug trafficking, including drug prevention and treatment and prevention, investigation and criminal proceedings – and international cooperation. The beneficiaries are covered by law, and we also fund international NGOs, the security forces, customs, prosecutors and international organisations and foreign governments. I would like to comment that for the former management of the allocation of the fund, we have a collegiate body that deals with a location, with participants from the Ministry of Justice the Ministry of the Economy and the Ministry of the Interior, to name but a few. The government delegation for the national drug plan is in charge overall, for the management of the seized assets. Therefore we have to deal with the location, investigation of the assets, registration, evaluation, agreements on what they should be used for. Last year we have 31 million Euros and in 2020 we will have a similar amount. We have used some of these funds for international cooperation; this year Spain used the fund to provide 500,000 Euros for a project in Latin America to improve treatment of drug users. We made a contribution to UNODC for this and the programme will take place throughout 2020. The aim of the project is to support countries in progressing towards the definition and improvement of regulatory framework to guarantee the quality of care services for drug users. Our project aims to coordinate services and provide a roadmap and contribute to demand reduction.
I would like to take this opportunity to tell you about some other international cooperation we will be participating in this year. This is 200,000 euros to strengthen the information system on psychoactive substances in countries that are members of the Med-network of countries of the Council of Europe.
Russian Federation: Very pleased that this is being chaired by Pakistan. We welcome Ghada Wali to the UNODC. Soon the International committee will mark the 75th anniversary of UN. Over the past year a number of important events occurred for Russia in drug policy. The amendment to the law on the health of Russian citizens which gives access to opioids. The Russian public are concerned about the active use of the internet including the dark net for the sale of narcotic substances. Russian law is being updated to prevent promotion of drugs on internet. Children who are most vulnerable. We have provided a resolution at the CND. We hope to see constructive comments during negotiation of the draft. On 6th March, we invite you to support and honour the UNODC youth initiative. Our priority is to strengthen international system of drugs. Russia is committed to this. Hail INCB for monitoring the international convention by the board’s yearly report which underscores legal regulation of narcotic substances. Russia rejects legalising narcotics. We welcome further strengthening by regional UN bodies. The Russian Federation be would like to invite you to an event on the margins regarding financial flows from drug trafficking through UNODC FCO cooperation. We remain concerned about drugs in Afghanistan. We await the publication of the UNODC report on review of opiates of 2019. In September there was meeting on strengthening regional cooperation. We will hope the meeting will breathe new life.
France: France fully endorses statements made by the EU, characterised by WHO recommendations. The EU was ready to vote on some of the recommendations which the EU considers to be sufficiently scientifically corroborated, we consider that several countries requested more time so as to evaluate the scope and impact of the proposed changes of the WHO, so we accepted a postponing of the vote to December. But we think it is important for the CND to take a clear position this year – this matter is political, legal and scientific. Political – this is an issue that affects us, scientific – will allow new data and studies, it will allow new lessons and information as this issue is a matter of public health. What we decide together is going to have an impact on future generations. France is following therapeutic innovation. We will be launching an experiment on the mental use of ketamine – if suffering persons are currently not benefiting from existing medicines, they should be provided with new available treatment. We must be vigilant. There is strong pressure to open markets to various substances by claiming alleged medical benefits as well as deny harmful impacts. We are for cannabinoids for medical purposes, but not for psychoactive substances to be on the market due to their risk. We continue to note proposed regulation on cannabis markets, but could pave way to drawing great profit from said market. We address the threat caused by existing medications such as opioids – all of these are challenges to be tackled together. Today we know we need a balanced comprehensive approach which is integrated and based on science like the approach adopted by UNGASS in 2016 on the global drugs problem. Here I would like to share the four main areas of our plan: strengthening use capacity ensuring that there will be no back sliding into addiction; secondly, better explaining the health and social consequences as well as environmental impact which is neglected in discourse; thirdly, pool our efforts against any type of stigmatisation of drug users. Any individual can be vulnerable and so should be provided with scientific therapy methods, fourth using law enforcement to combat violence and corruption. We introduced a new law to combat drugs with a new ministerial counter drugs office – this has already has proven effective on the ground. Must also provide economic, social and educational methods that work. For those that are growing or manufacturing in underground labs, as well as those victims of drug trafficking networks: we must help these people to get themselves out of a vicious cycle. This is a balanced and comprehensive approach which I am talking about and includes our support to the technical assistance programme of the UNODC. The primary goal of the international conventions on drugs, we have continued our drive to attain this goal with the UNODC, the scientific community and civil society.
Italy: Fully aligned with EU statement. World drug problem is incredibly complex. The MS2019, and the World Drug Report, show some of these challenges. Drug manufacturing remains at a record level. NPS continue to be produced at a fast speed. Confronting this, the international community can rely on a corpus of joint commitments adopted over the last decade. In particular the UNGASS2016 agreements. Which calls for monitoring of progress towards achieving these commitments. The ARQ draft will help us in this regard. We must adopt prevention programmes that are evidence-based. UNODC, WHO International Standards on the matter are a reference. My government has funded a project by UNDOC to advance the implementation of the Standards in South-Western Europe. Provide adequate treatment and care. Including through therapeutic communities (residential and non-residential services), which contribute to recovery. Counter illicit production and trafficking. This has been reiterated in a conference Italy attended only 2 weeks ago, with a number of representatives from other countries. We encourage Member States to strengthen the implementation of the Conventions in this regard and the Palermo convention. We continue to invest in strengthening EWS to identify NPS, which is a dynamic market, utilising the darknet, which poses significant challenges. Many of us have experienced the drama of the self-destructing spiral of drug abuse. The world drug problem is a social, humanitarian, public health problem. Something we will highlight at an upcoming event with the Red Cross. Fighting drugs should not come at the cost of human rights and personal freedoms. Responses to drug related problems require proportionality, and use of alternatives to conviction and punishment. Important to engage too with civil society, NGOs and communities. My government sponsors two side events with prominent NGOs. Civil society participation is essential to fight the world drug problem, which requires national and international partnerships.
Chile: For the government of Chile, the problem of drug use and other substances is a maximum priority. The reality in our country is not different from the world’s, which sees millions affected. Drugs have an impact on the daily lives of thousands of people. For Chile, we need comprehensive, coordinated approach from governments and stakeholders. We have a legal and institutional framework that is conducive to fighting this problem. Chile has become a destination of drugs. We saw this in the America’s Drug report of 2019. Chile is now a leader in drug consumption among young people. President Piñera and Chile are committed to changing these figures. For that reason, through a message to the nation, we announced the national plan to live without drugs. The President has established a clear way forward. Our priority is preventing consumption. Our main allies will be mothers and fathers; that is to say, families. It’s not enough, though. We need all society to cooperate. All stakeholders. Second point is the widespread social (…) The government of Chile reaffirms the importance of providing specific responses to the drug problem. We need a comprehensive approach to unite efforts of all stakeholders. We must be clear and decisive in this regard. Our mission is to care for the world population and fighting the adverse effects of drug consumption. We shouldn’t forget this and should continue to strengthen drug control mechanisms. CND is here to analyse the state of the situation with the drug problem. There’s still a long way to go. In some cases, we need to perhaps change direction. But the aim is to reach a destination where public health and care for our population, particularly the vulnerable should be at the heart of our efforts. Public efforts should promote and protect health, in particular vulnerable groups. This is the responsibility of society as a whole. Rehabilitation and social reintegration should be efficient and effective, respecting human rights to achieve our common goals.
Iran: I comment on the continued cultivation and production of opiate psychotropic substances at an accelerated rate and use of electronic communications and production and consumption. As well as the Shortened distance between nation of origin and usage country. In certain regions one can witness the spread of synthetic drugs – these challenges are indicating the changing nature of narcotic drugs. Unfortunately drug control efforts have been less effective. Since my statement at 62nd session of the CND, Iran has dedicated efforts to drug control including >2000 operations dismantling >1000 local and international networks and seizing approx 1000 tonnes of psychotropic substances including 314 tonnes of heroin and morphine, and 117 tonnes of methamphetamine. Many boys and girls have lost their fathers in the course of the fight against illicit drugs. Iran is on the frontline combatting narcotic drugs and terrorism and violence and is facing issues from the US tryannical sanctions. Combating drugs is based on genuine humane teaching of Iran. In line with this our drug harm reduction plan includes: Iran public health and social security are the main pillars of policy of drug control. While combating the drug market Iran has put this in their agenda as well as the ability of medical use in line with the three conventions. While believing the role of NGO and private sector does benefit the implementation of harm reduction projects. In 2109 more than 1.6million individuals received social support and access to harm reduction services. (Inviting to view the Iran exhibition at CND). Wish to exercise following policy – 1, implementation of developing projects with participation of global community; 2, providing medical assistance and better technology with emphasis on shared responsibility; 3 there is necessity for cooperation between countries in combatting international financial systems; 4 sharing and further support of UNODC programmes to strengthen regional cooperation mechanisms and intelligence sharing; 5 refraining from politicised approaches to combating the world drug problem.
Indonesia: 2019 required us to make a commitment and addressing the conquering of the world drug problem, effective implementation of this requires action at the national and international level. In light of this we want to highlight how we are combating psychoactive substances. We continue to implement harm reduction strategies. Our strategy ranges from education, to better care programmes – by implementing we are confident that we can achieve the objective to reduce drug abuse and to promote the health and well being of all individuals and communities. The sinister based on the principle of mutual respect with other countries, [naming Sri Lanka and USA and Canada] we are involved in cooperation and capacity building. In this regard inherent cooperation particularly in medical assistance and exchange of information and secondly to use technology to tackle narcotic transaction online. Great importance to the promotion of human rights especially women and children. Care and social care should be part of a promotion and protection of human rights and should be balanced, including the families of drug users. International cooperation to tackle the world drug problem – economic, social, political. The 1961, convention 1972 protocol, 1988 convention, 2016 UNGASS outcome document we affirm our commitment in implementing these – the implementation should be born in mind of members states of implementing them. It is important to implement the recommendations in line with the three drug control conventions.
Bahrain: This meeting embodies our strong will to contribute to international security cooperation mechanisms and our contribution and participation with other enforcement authorities and international organisations to expand the horizon and reducing the problem of drugs and protecting our country from this evil. Bahrein is fully aware of these problems and monitors developments local and international in this regard. I’m proud to say that our Kingdom celebrated its 100th anniversary of the police force. A whole century based on allegiance and sacrifice. Our efforts in combatting the scourge of drugs, be it reducing supply or demand, are well known. We embrace the SDGs to achieve our strategic plans. We give priority to youth. We have launched a national plan to strengthen national allegiance and citizenship with the youth based on the guidelines of our King. Social initiatives too, at all levels of learning, to strengthen the ability of children, schools, to preserve values and take away from negative and unhealthy practices, including drug abuse. Our minister of interior has launched the second education of the counterdrug plan. Regarding supply reduction and fighting this scourge, our law enforcement agencies are able to see higher numbers of drug dealers, especially during the past year. This adds to our responsibility in fighting the scourge. We call upon others to cooperate to achieve the interests of our region and the world. We abide by the three international conventions and the political declaration and plan of action of 2009, the Ministerial Statement of 2014 and the UNGASS of 2016. We have an MOU with UNODC. And coordinate with the regional office of […], with headquarters in Abu Dhabi, and organised workshops and trainings on antinarcotics and related methods. We thank the regional offices’ director for this. We also participate with the Arab neighbours and gulf neighbours to cooperate, since problems are increasing in complexity and we can only fight this with cooperation and coordination. We also contribute with educational campaigns emphasising protection and social awareness of the harms of drugs, in addition to messages that are targeted and mainly the most vulnerable groups; lectures, exhibits, announcements, and work in social clubs, places of worship, etc. An integrated and balanced approach is essential. We should not overlook the security aspect. Drugs ought to be eliminated because it’s a tragedy that befalls the people. We congratulate Ms Ghada Waly, and thank Mr Fedotov for his work done during his directorship. We think this is a watershed moment in our efforts. A real opportunity to ensure synergies. The world pays a high price in addressing this scourge.
*** AFTERNOON SESSION ***
Germany: this is a major challenge for us all. This is why none of us may relent in our efforts. On the contrary, we must even intensity our joined international commitments. As the world drug problem does not recognise international borders, together we developed an international drug control system. In recent yearse, this system has come under increasing pressure. The ideas about international drug control are drifting further apart. This makes international cooperation increasingly difficult, and particularly benefits those who make massive amounts of money by producing, smuggling and trading drugs illegally.
I’m fully convinced that rule-based multilateralism, in trust, is the only way to seriously reduce the world drug problem. Dialogue is vital to achieving this. It is vital to tackle challenges. This is why German hosts the once-yearly Brandenburg forum on drugs and drug policies. It is also why, every year at the beginning of March, we meet here in Vienna. Let us use this CND session in this spirit.
Germany is committed to a strong and rules-based international order. The challenges posed divert away from successes attained in the past few decades. And yet, the rules-based order benefits everyone. This applies to relationships between states and individuals. At the centre of this multilateralism stands the UN and its institutions.
Germany highly respects UNODC’s work, it is a highly valued partner in security and development. UNODC is also an important partner when it comes to implementation, e.g. of SDGs 3 and 16. Germany is one of the UNODC’s top donors and will continue to lend its support. Together with UNODC and civil society, Germany will also continue to meet its commitments in alternative development, because progressive drug policy must also mean sustainable development policy. Without this, the SDGs can’t be reached. We are all obligated to support drug cultivating countries to help them find sustainable solutions to the world drug problem.
Another fact is that drug policy first means public health policy – putting people first in all our actions. We committed to this in the 2016 UNGASS document, and in the 2019 Ministerial declaration. Supply reduction and enforcement are not going to solve the world drug problem. We need to recognise addiction as the disease that it is – people who suffer from addiction need harm reduction and treatment. The sooner we support these people the smaller the negative consequences for these people. These must be evidence and human rights-based. Through harm reduction it may be possible to stabilise drug users in relation to their health, preventing them from marginalisation and stigmatisation. People need to be at the centre of our joint action.
Our positions may differ from one another, and we can have tough and contentious debates on the issues, but we must never lose debate on our goal: to give those affected access to the help and assistance they need. Of course this national statement is in line with the EU statement.
Peru: We would like to emphasise the importance of the Ministerial Declaration. The international drug control conventions make up the cornerstone of the international drug control system. It is of fundamental significance for us to continue to strive to achieve the aims of the political declaration of 2009, the 2014 document, and the Ministerial Declaration of 2019.
The adverse impact of drug production, trade and consumption among our citizens, beyond the various ways and means of our distinct approaches that we have to counter this, it is true to say that the worldwide momentum of drugs harms all of us and we are duty bound to find responses to this.
It’s important to achieve an agenda agreed on common and shared responsibility. Our efforts in Peru are seriously jeopardised owing to drug demand in other countries. Over the past years, the increasing appearance of new consumption markets has seriously impacted our production. A historical impact was reached on cocaine-containing substances. This has led to expanded cultivation and there’s ever-greater infrastructure in our natural areas and territories traditionally settled by indigenous groups. Because of the threat, the indigenous leaders themselves have called on us to eliminate illicit cultivation in their territories.
In all those areas we have achieved positive results for Peru, there’s positive developments in sustainable development, we must go beyond mere crop substitution. We must bring change to the socio-economic matrix of those communities affected by illicit trafficking in drugs. We need to strengthen the value change of legitimate crops; and tackle anything that places constraints. We need to build a social capital base, compromised by narco-traffickers. But none of this is sustainable unless it’s supplemented by effective law enforcement.
To free the country by the harm caused by illicit trafficking, calls for a decision to take a balance between all the factors. We need to share efforts and pool international cooperation, especially as provided by the government of the USA – we’ve been able to reduce by 90% illicit cultivation of coca leaves and have 60,000 HA of alternative production of cocoa and caffeine for example, now sustaining domestic economies. We also have notable contribution by the EU. But despite all of this we still have strategic areas in Peru that need our attention with balanced measures required. We must have terrestrial, airborne and maritime and inland waterway control of trafficking in order to counter the drug trafficking networks; we rely on those countries with the required technology to counter this.
For us it’s important that the Commission brings us a platform to discuss experiences. The first of these is the prospect with these old traditions we have in terms of coca leaves; the Peruvian government recognises values and defends coca leaves intended for traditional consumption. But in the same robust manner, we do not wish to have coca leaves turned into cocaine – this is an adverse development. So we need to strengthen a new model to strengthen licit use of coca leaves. We know that international experiences have made headway here and we’d like to examine these in greater detail.
Thus far, we have given importance to monitoring the areas illicitly under coca cultivation, but reports for various agencies show that ever-less coca leaves are used to produce greater amounts of cocaine – that’s why coca production is rising, even though we have brought down illicit cultivation areas. This would imply that coca cultivation is just a symptom of drug trafficking. We have an interest in placing on the agenda the Peruvian model to monitor production and trafficking in cocaine. We have received valuable assistance from UNODC via the crop monitoring system. This is a model that seeks to give a full-fledged attention not just to the acreage under cultivation but the full momentum of cocaine markets and how effective we can be in order to control this – we wish to share this with the international community.
We call on all states participating, and the international community, to have these topics a part of an agenda of common interest. We place our trust in shared cooperation and responsibility as an approach. The situation in this area is just part of a worldwide problem; we do not ask for short-term international caution. We need to jointly take on our responsibilities to bolster new practices and have effective and innovative methods in place. We are firmly convinced that we need to exchange our views.
Switzerland: We would like to encourage the new UNODC Director in civil rights areas and health of drug policy domains. Putting people at the core of global drug policies is one of our priorities. As a member of the CND, on many occasions we have expressed our commitment to human rights when implementing drug policies. We oppose torture and the death penalty – notably as part of excessive drug control policies.
Drug users are entitled to health and to life. According to UNODC, punitive approaches have failed to reduce drug markets and have led to grave human rights violations. Consumption in itself is not harmful to others and does not justify severe interdiction methods.
Regrettably we note that consumption levels are on the rise in many regions of the world. New markets, modes of consumption and products are seeing the light of day – having deleterious impacts on individual health and society. In order to address these, it’s time that we give importance to scientific data and coherent classification of substances in the international drug control regime. Next year, we have the 40th and 60th anniversaries of the 61 and 81 conventions.
Enhanced cooperation means better measures to combat illicit drug trafficking and mortality, but also enables us to share best practices for the benefit of all of us. Four years on from the UNGASS 2016, we call on states to implement the UNGASS outcome document.
The UN Common Position: we urge UNODC to implement this because the multiple facets of the drug problem require a balanced, comprehensive, science and human rights-based response as part of the SDGs. The task team responsible for this may count upon the unwavering support of Switzerland.
We firmly believe that deepened cooperation between member states, UNODC, INCB, WHO and UNOHCR (and civil society and academia) will be the only way for us to tackle the world drug problem. We would be grateful for live broadcasting not just of the plenary but of all discussions – given that some states cannot attend.
USA: As we face new drug control threats at global, regional and domestic level, this Vienna community is essential. In the US, synthetic drugs and opioids present a challenge.
We have launched new initiatives like the UN toolkit and INCB’s GRIDS programme. The UNODC has looked at scheduling new drugs including fentanyls. Member States have addressed their own challenges on synthetic drugs. These efforts are beginning to pay off: overdose deaths declined for the first time in 20 years in the US.
However, we are only beginning to make progress. In the US, deaths from methamphetamines continue to rise. Drug traffickers use new technologies to expand their global reach and evade law enforcement. Our current response is not enough. Governments must remain agile and have new partnerships. Private sector relationships play a crucial role in tackling drug threats.
In 2019 we released a number of advisories for private entities in reducing fentanyls in their supply chains. The private sector can bolster evidence-based during treatment and recovery programmes including through financial support. This is why we sponsored our resolution, to deepen commitment with the private sector.
Member States must support the international scheduling system. Data should be the primary driver of this process; we support the role of the WHO to recommend changes on their scientific assessments of risk of substances. AS the WHO accelerates the rate at which it can assess substances, it is especially important that the WHO respond to all recommendations in a timely manner – including difficult decisions on cannabis, so the CND can return to other threats undermining public health.
We remain fully committed to consensus based decision making. We regret that the CND was not able to take action on the cannabis recommendations this week, given the work that has gone into it. We would like to thank the WHO, INCB for participating in these sessions. It is now up to us Member States to continue on this in a manner so that at the reconvened session in December we are prepared to face votes.
In the absence of a timely response from the CND, questions may give rise to discrepancies and vulnerabilities that can be exploited by traffickers, weakening the drug control system. We look forward to working together to tackle these solutions so that the CND can return to more urgent priorities.
This is a forum for sharing new expertise and forging partnerships. We must remain nimble to tackle the drug challenges of today and tomorrow. The Conventions give us the tools we need. We look forward to working with you.
Iraq: We would like to reiterate our unwavering commitment to our drugs issue. The best to eliminate this scourge, which is an issue of concern to all of us. It’s important for us to coordinate our efforts and to reiterate our commitment to three UN conventions and other international instruments in this domain. We reiterate the relationship between the proceeds of drug trafficking and the finance of terrorism, transnational financing and money laundering. We believe the CND is the body to establish international drug policies and we call upon our counterparts to look at various ways to have cannabis rescheduled to avoid any hasty decision-making in this field. Iraq reiterates the important role of CND. Any decisions must be made based on studies and credible information, it’s a very sensitive issue. Also we need to take on board the musical and other impacts that may take place owing to any decisions that are made. We believe it is very important to preserve the spirit of consensus and we see the INCB as the excellent body to oversee drug policies and we welcome their efforts to diagnose the shortfalls and problems. We welcome the INCB reports and we call upon other countries to find ways of coming up with radical solutions in order to prevent such problems as diversion of narcotic drugs and to prevent narcotic drugs from falling into the illicit trafficking area. Iraq also has drug problems and it is all the more difficult owing to the situation of war and terrorism in our region. Human rights need to be respected and we need to have measures to rehabilitate, provide healthcare for drug users and educate around drugs. We need to combat criminal groups and prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism and ilicit operations. The Iraq body has taken important measures in the field of narcotic drugs and psychoactive and precursor controls so as to limit their uses for medical and scientific purposes in accordance with international standards. We pay tribute to UNODC to provide us with detailed and accurate data and information to enable us to compare statistics, this allows us to have a proper snapshot of the world drug problem and to identify shortcomings in our own policies. We are improving our borders in order to combat trafficking and pursuing traffickers of psychoactive substances and committed to combating international networks in order to spare our people the harmful effects of drugs. We call upon UNODC to step up presence in Iraq to provide technical support for border control and for capacity building, and to coordinate with the Iraq authorities, that would be beneficial for us. We look forward to stepped up cooperation with stakeholders and assistance from stakeholders.
Finland: We fully align ourselves with the EU statement. Last year, in the MS2019, we committed to promote and improve the collection, analysis and sharing of quality and comparable data. To implement this, UNODC organised constructive consultations that led to the revisions of the ARQ. We are happy to see that our commitment to improve the ARQ is going forward. We thank UNODC for its work on this. Even if drug policy challenges differ from region to region, we all need data to back our policy decisions. We need to strengthen our work in prevention, harm reduction, treatment and capacity building to ensure adequate implementation. To achieve the best results in wellbeing and safety, we need to adopt multidisciplinary and balanced cooperation between all stakeholders, grassroots, NGOs, people who use drugs, law enforcement, etc. Important to protect people from the harms associated with drug use and tackle marginalisation and stigmatisation. Finland believes all drug policies have to be implemented comprehensively while respecting human rights, health, wellbeing, security of people. We also align ourselves with the advocates for the abolition of the death penalty and those condemning the use of extrajudicial sanctions of whatever nature. Drug markets are dynamic and continuously changing. Illicit trade in darknet is one of these challenges. IN a few clicks, with basic technological understanding; significant threat to health of security of communities and citizens. We should not leave the internet just for criminals. It creates an important environment for demand and harm reduction interventions Internet interventions have the potential to increase reach and coverage of interventions to people who may not otherwise be reached by specialised services. This is not a competition between law enforcement and health sectors. They have different responsibilities. Police and law enforcement are often the first point of contact for drug users. They have a key role in referring problem drug users to services. At the core of the day, drug policy implementation should promote participation and inclusive policies contributing to public health and the diverse challenges facing countries.
Slovenia: The world needs a comprehensive and humane approach to drug policy, supply and demand reduction under the principle of shared responsibility. Like other countries, Slovenia has not been spared by drug trafficking and its consequences. In response, my country has developed drug legislation and policy for many years. IN 1999, we decriminalised possession of small quantities for personal use to encourage treatment instead of penalisation. Our emphasis has been on public health, including harm reduction and substitution treatment. We believe that all activities should be evidence based, evaluated and accessible to all people with drug use disorders. Multiple agencies, including health, education and law enforcing are important in prevention, early detection, treatment, rehabilitation and social reintegration for all people suffering from substances use disorders. Civil society is an active and at times even equal participant in responding. In Slovenia, we have created a fully functioning and participatory mechanism within the remit of the Ministry of Health. Another importance aspect: common understanding that factors such as increased availability, reduced costs, favourable media messages, changes in social norms and lower perceptions of harm affect young people’s drug use. Prevention and risk reduction activities cannot be stressed enough. We organised a side event today on “Challenges in prevention in an era of deregulation of cannabis”. We have spent a lot of time in cannabis related initiatives. Based on the fact that there have been no legal reservations; use of all cannabis preparations for medical use. But they need to be made available as any other drug. Pharmacological preparations must be of high quality, prescribed by physicians. Slovenia attaches great importance to regional cooperation, particularly with the Western Balkans. We also support organisations in the region, like the Pompidou Group. The world drug problem can only be solved by international cooperation. Progress must be based on facts, dialogue between all stakeholders.
UAE: Congratulate all on their elections. UAE welcomes 2019 Ministerial Declaration. My delegation took part in drafting this declaration, we reiterate our commitment to 3 conventions. UAE pursuing efforts to counter drugs, have been respecting best practice and take into account threat posed by drugs. National level – updating laws and legislations to counter drugs. We’ve built professional organisations with modern technologies. Coordinating with relevant authorities. Also launched pre-emptive trikes against drug dealers. Fight drugs is common and shared responsibility. Focuses on spreading awareness, especially among the youth. Govt keen on protecting young generation. Aim to build a drug-free society. Problem of opium cultivation and production. Non-medical use of prescription drugs is a problem for us. We express our concern on linkages of drug-trafficking, extremist groups – we need to put an end to terrorism and end these crimes.
Lithuania: Fully align with EU statement. Recent WDR and EU Drugs report show that world drug situation is major challenge to international community. Its essential to comply to joint commitments – 2016 and 2019 documents. Operational paragraphs should be used in our daily work. Support evidence-based policies and people entered work. Drug policies should confirm with human rights. stand firmly against death penalty and believe in proportional sentencing. Equal support for supply reduction, demand reduction and harm reduction. We take further efforts to make a more effective prevention program across Europe. Early intervention. 2017 – launched naloxone program in order to reduce opioid OD deaths – naloxone now available to PWUD and families nationally. Our drug monitoring program is supplemented by emerging trend analysis – wastewater, hospital data and syringe residue data to fill data gaps. All achievements will be worth little if they weren’t built on human centred approach. Pope Francis: when we stop things don’t go right – so let’s do it together.
Czech Republic: We’re almost one year from adoption of 2019 document. Therefore we need to continue our work through integrated balanced comprehensive evidence based approach. We need to support rebuilding of Vienna spirit, implement preventive measures and reduce drug related harms – interventions such as treatment and reintegration. Other measures effective in reducing world drug situation. Situation is changing rapidly – therapeutic potential of some substances are emerging. But some new substances and more dangerous than ever. Need to reduce production of synthetic drugs. Need to dismantle organised crime groups. We lead 2-year EU project. Its necessary to invest in protection of society reducing harm and risk to people who use drugs. We also support promotion of prevention programs aimed at children and youth. Need to focus on availability and access to services and interventions for PWUD. Disproportionate policies are counterproductive. Increasing health harms come from frequent incarceration. Therefore our policies programs and interventions support proportionate sentencing and alternatives to punishment. We promote social integration of PWUD. We welcome UN Common Position of the Task Team. Also emphasise important role of the scientific community and other organisations. This comprehensive approach supports a balance and evidence-based approach based in public health. We should not be scared to support these approaches. Each year there are new development in drug policies and drug situation in the world – should work together to increase collective efforts o ensure safety health and wellbeing – access to health care, reduce harms from drug use and respect human rights. PWUD should be at centre of all of our work.
Australia: Chair, Honourable Ministers, Distinguished Representatives, Australia is pleased to contribute to the essential work of the UNODC and the CND. In 2019, we took stock of our collective efforts to address the world drug problem. We identified progress, but also serious gaps and challenges in the implementation of our work and emerging threats. One year after the adoption of the 2019 Ministerial Declaration, this 63rdsession represents an important opportunity to consider how we fully implement and advance our collective commitments including – the complementary and mutually reinforcing – Political Declaration and Plan of Action and 2016 UNGASS Outcomes Document. Chair, As we look to translate our commitments into action, Australia remains particularly concerned about the global inequality in access to controlled substances given that almost 80% of the world’s population lacks adequate access to pain relief. Over the past decade, we have also seen the problem of opioid dependence rise, indicating that as a global community we have neither increased access where it would benefit most, nor prevented the diversion and abuse of controlled substances – as we might have hoped – in order to protect our communities. We are pleased to introduce a resolution at this 63rdsession – in partnership with the EU – to address barriers to access to controlled substances for medical purposes, while preventing their diversion and misuse. Australia will continue to support action on the ground, including through UNODC’s Joint Global Programme. We urge other states to support this initiative to address the global disparity in access to medicine. Chair, We remain concerned about the rise in synthetic drugs. With amphetamine-type stimulants the second most widely used drugs across the globe, the continued growth of the new psychoactive substances market has become a significant policy challenge and a major international concern. In our Indo-Pacific region, Australia is working closely with partners to disrupt methamphetamine trafficking by serious and organised crime groups. Australia continues to support countries through UNODC’s Global Smart Program to strengthen efforts to address the challenges presented by synthetic drugs. A holistic and multifaceted approach is needed to address the world drug problem. We believe that an emphasis on education, prevention and treatment can reduce demand and should be integrated with law enforcement efforts to disrupt the manufacture and distribution of illicit drugs and their precursors. Special attention is required to address the needs of vulnerable members of society. While whole-of-population strategies can reduce the adverse impact of illicit drug use, evidence tells us there are specific population groups that are particularly vulnerable and we need to involve these populations in designing and implementing effective responses. Chair, Australia considers the obligations in the UN drug conventions cannot be interpreted in isolation. Domestic drug policies need to align with the drug control treaties and other international obligations. Australia will continue to press for the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances. The death penalty is an inhumane and irreversible form of punishment, and completely ineffective in deterring drug use. Australia remains committed to promoting a public health approach to illicit drug use, which considers a proportional response to minor or non-violent drug-related crimes. To conclude, Australia reaffirms its commitment to the international drug control conventions. We also underscore our support for the combined and coordinated work of the UNODC, the INCB, and the WHO. We call on all members to enhance engagement with academia and civil society to inform our work and enable meaningful participation at the CND. We look forward to a productive CND session that addresses the world drug problem in a balanced, humane and evidence-based manner. Thank you Chair.
Poland: We endorse the EU statement but add further comment.
Our membership of the CND is important. We wish to actively participate in the Commission proceedings and strengthen international efforts to combat health and security risks posed by drugs and drug addiction. Our approach to drug problems is invariably founded on the respect of human rights, rule of law, scientific evidence-based responses. However, we would like to reiterate our permanent objection to the application of the death penalty in any circumstances, not only in relation to drugs.
The issue of tackling trafficking groups remains indisputable. However, in our view, the key aspect in drug policy is empathy and support for individuals afflicted by addiction. Hope, and assurance that nobody is going to be excluded. This is why it’s so important from our point of view to build coherent action plans which will refer to the addiction phenomenon globally.
Our national health programme integrates responses to legal and illegal drug addictions as well as behavioural addictions into one single strategy oriented to public health priorities. Public health requires listening to civil society, listening to women and mothers and those at risk of social exclusion, and those with limited resources. It is necessary to come into contact with drug users in order to improve their health but also involve them in protective measures to help build their security.
There are more and more signals of polarised international drug standards, in particular for cannabis. It is necessary to understand traditions. However, this should be accompanied by the solidarity, responsibility sharing and values that are common and indivisible – values that first put individual public health around the world.
In Poland, we have experienced positive efforts of the mobilisation of the international community to target NPS use consequences. These show how effectively we act when we have access to the evidence-base monitoring data. We support better analysing data under the ARQ. Reliable data also provides grounds for evidence-based intervention, prevention and harm reduction measures which translate into the development of risk and protective factors for the widest group of citizens possible. We wish to stress the importance of the international community to respond to the consequences of using psychoactive substances which were expressly stated in the UNGASS 2016 document and the Ministerial Declaration. We are going to support all actions concentrated on human rights, justice and rule of law and evidence-based practice. We will also support those actions which aim for dialogue and development.
Libya: I would like to second the content of the statement made on behalf of G-77 and China.
Libya has continued to work on combatting drugs and the increase in demand and supply, this has been evident in our latest legislative reforms. In order to fill the different gaps and loopholes to market drugs, Libya has also adhered to a number of international conventions that would promote our capacity, nationally and regionally to combat drugs, by using the mechanisms provided by these conventions and by countering demand.
As a result of a number of strategic changes, we have developed our drug control directorate to be more in control of current needs, while also supporting efforts to combat criminal and smuggling operations. We are keen on developing our capacity.
Our domestic efforts show a growing demand, including for ecstasy and tramadol. The relevant proceeds are enough to promote the adventurous spirits of traffickers – as a result we’ve a number of gangs which threaten stability and growth in transnational crime. These run counter to national and international law – and can be sanctioned by the death penalty.
The strategy we run in Libya relies on being committed to international standards and different conventions as well as international instruments and relevant regional resolutions to develop plans and mechanisms to combat drug and narcotic use, to remain fully committed to combatting aspects of supply and demand while providing necessary treatment and rehabilitation, and combating illicit use of drugs.
In relation to training: our latest control technologies work on legislative additions relating to provisions on controlled delivery as a main factor to combat the growing factor of international smuggling operations. It is important to organise the control of chemical precursors, to update the schedules and include the latest additions. I would like to iterate the importance of building capacities and information-sharing in order to achieve a high level of positive cooperation – regional and international.
Tunisia: We remain fully committed to the three international drug control conventions. In this regard, Tunisia has received a delegation of the INCB and reiterated its commitment to exert greater efforts to prevent drug dependence and for rehabilitating drug addicts, including in prisons. Tunisian officials have been commended on their efforts in this regard. In terms of legislative reforms, Tunisia supports the adoption of the international declaration and international cooperation to implement our shared commitments against drug use. Our country, through its policy, seeks to achieve objectives in the 2009 document, the Ministerial Declaration of 2014, and the UNGASS of 2016; and the Ministerial Declaration of 2019, which has led to the implementation of a mental health programme that provides free services to drug users. We highlight the importance of international cooperation against this scourge that has taken our youth hostage. In XXXX, reforms led to higher discretion for judges in consumption cases to avoid imprisonment for first time offenders, which we see as positive; and also to enhance treatment. A new centre was opened in 2019 with a capacity of 60 beds. This centre is compliant with international standards. A second centre is being refurnished and expected to be fully operational by the end of 2020. Methadone treatment has also been planned for 2021. Tunisia provides academic training in treatment and prevention and our 3 main universities also work on capacity building in health and security on projects like youth monitoring of drugs, and other programmes. Last year, experts from the country participated in a training by UNDOC Laboratory. In conclusion, we reiterate the importance of joint action and opting for radical solutions against this problem, including education, social and economic dimensions of this issue.
Qatar: Drugs as a phenomenon are a great problem facing humanity, with implications felt throughout society and economies around the world and jeopardising sustainable development. We need to confront the world drug problem with a multilateral response based on the Charter objectives and other legal international instruments. We must support this with actions on the ground. Intensifying efforts. Promoting prevention among youth, children, education settings to ensure societies free of drug deference. The fact that we have different approaches, our common goal is the consecution of the international conventions and the goals in the 2009, 2016, 2014 and 2019 documents. We reaffirm CND’s main policymaking body role. Achieving the SDGs and drug control are complimentary efforts. Society pays the price of the scourge of drugs, which represents a cost of billions of dollars. We denounce the legalisation of recreational cannabis, as it threatens the wellbeing of societies. We hope that during the intersessional period we will look thoroughly into the WHO recommendations on scheduling. Our antidrug committee implements a comprehensive strategy to implement prevention, protection of society, rule of law and human rights. Our prevention programme includes educational settings and sports clubs to sensitise the youth about drug risks. Qatar also started the Ambassadors of Prevention programme, which makes of Qatar one of the cleanest countries when it comes to drugs. The Doha programme has involved thousands of specialists and benefited thousands of individuals, including 120000 students around the world.
Georgia: Georgia allies itself with statements of the European Union and its member states. We reaffirm our commitments to the three intl conventions and the 2016 UNGASS outcome. We support public health and human rights based approach. We acknowledge drug issues require complex and multidisciplinary and scientific response. Georgian anti drug policy is based on four pillars, drug council chaired by the justice minister. National drug monitory centre set up in 2020 is the institutional guarantee for human-centred drug policy development. We acknowledge the engagement and participation of civil society in the design and development and implementation of drug policies that guarantee human rights at regional, national and international level.
Sweden: Sweden fully allies itself with the statement by the European Union and its member states. Sweden is happy to be a member of CND as of this year. The overarching objective of the Swedish public health policy is to create conditions for good and equitable health and to avoid avoidable health inequalities within generations. The right to health is a human right, the purpose of this policy is to limit access and to prevent the use of drugs and to reduce the harm and drug related mortality. In the last few years the drug situation in the world had deteriorated. We need to intensify our efforts to the challenges we are facing. We support an integrated approach respecting human rights whilst aiming to reduce supply and demand. We align ourselves with the condemnation of the death penalty. UNGASS has given a balanced framework and Sweden is committed to this, with a success report to be published later this year. In my country the international standards have been used as a framework for treatment of substance use disorders. We have developed a separate guidance for OST, where OST is provided alongside psychotherapies and social support. Another issue is comorbidity, persons suffering from a combination of substance abuse and other diseases need greater support. People need access to preventative measures as much as for care. Sweden is a committed supporter of the 23rd agenda and a firm believer that combating the world drug problem will help us reach our sustainability goals.
Serbia: Balanced, multidisciplinary and scientific evidence-based drug policy based in human rights and gender equality, by protecting health and increasing security of individuals in society. Serbia adopted the amendments on NPS in 2018 and precursors in 2019. In accordance with psychoactive substances Serbia is in cooperation with INCB and EMCDDA as well as WHO and UNODC as well as the council of Europe. With the support of the european commission, Serbia is working on drafting laws on treatment and prevention as well as establishing a national prevention programme. The Minister of Health is planning to organise regional sessions. Aims to strengthen the early warning system. Monitoring is carried out through continuous collection, processing and data analysis at a national level. This data is made up of drug supply and drug demand. In line with results of the analysis, the ministry proposed measures in which we use a balance approach to infectious diseases associated with drug use and prevent harmful consequences of drug use as well as implementing penalty consequences for the production and trafficking of narcotic drugs. Health orientated approach is a priority in Serbia. The drug legislative framework and creating quality standards for harm reduction and rehabilitation is central. Several steps have been made: early warning system on NPS means ministry of health is able to update on NPS. COmprehensive approach to prevention of drug use especially among young people. Created target national campaign working alongside parents, teachers, health workers, social workers, judges, police and representatives of youth offices. 200 children are volunteering in this process. In addition we have developed a prevention programme through sport and education in aim to reduce their risky behaviour. Serbia provides a survey on risk factors among young people and their families, on the basis of this Serbia will establish a national programme. We engage civil society in part of the decision making process in order to have their strong voice heard, including drafting legislation and developing evidence based standards in the field.
New Zealand: The CND is a vital body for the discussion of drug policy. NZ continues to closely follow the global debate on effective drug policy, supported by the global evidence on harm minimisation. We are of the view that we need a health and people-centred approach.
We need to recognise that people who use drugs need help from the health system and not necessarily a criminal conviction. This includes improving national policies and promoting equity.
We look to the 2016 UNGASS document as the way forward for guiding modern and effective drug policy. UNGASS is a milestone that expands on human rights matters and takes a holistic approach. We welcome the report taken to streamline the ARQ and look forward to the results.
We share the human rights concerns regarding the disproportionate use of the death penalty in relation to drug offending and continue to advocate for its abolition.
2019 was a big year for NZ on the drug front. We amended our drugs act to schedule several synthetic cannabinoids and allowed the police to refer people to addiction services and enable temporary class orders, enabling police the powers to disrupt supply.
We directed our Ministry to adopt many recommendations, including talk services more available, and committing a staged funding path to ensure access. We also made recommendations for medicinal cannabis, ensuring access to medicinally made products and approved funding into drug testing, to investigate whether these programmes keep people safe and reduce harm.
In 2020 we will hold a regulation on cannabis for personal use in September. It will be an opportunity for the public to consider an alternative approach to cannabis control, which has been developed in a manner consistent with global health outcomes. This takes a health approach focused on reducing harm to children.
We believe that our compassionate and proportionate approach to drug issues will enable us to make significant progress in addressing harm that drugs cause to society.
I wish to reiterate some points about how we can approach challenges: there is no one-size-fits-all approach and we cannot face the challenges alone. We need a balanced approach and harness effectiveness of a health approach to achieve harm reduction and national security. In order to achieve the goal of the Conventions – to safeguard the health and wellbeing of humanity – we need to give ourselves the space and flexibility to pursue new approaches to reduce harm and build up a body of evidence on what works.
Cuba: We wish to bolster international cooperation to counter the terrible worldwide problem of drugs. Far from abating this, it is more considerable.
The scourge of drugs covers all regions; the spin off is poverty, violence, social exclusion and public health situations that are difficult to handle. It would be very difficult to deal with the problem from the southern perspective without dealing away with majority demand in the northern countries – shared responsibility has never been more important. We must not politicise the world drug problem and trample on national sovereignty.
Through legalisation, assuming that drugs are harmless, would also be counter-productive – implying that states are not in a position to comply with their obligations to protect health. We are not in favour of this approach, which opens up greater dangers for our countries. It would be very unfair to take the general approach and say that the world drug problem is responsible for this – we need anti-drug policies immediately. We also look at the root causes and should never lose sight of the impacts of an unfair and selfish international order and an economic and political model that has been imposed on us and seeks gain at every cost.
These factors have all led to the breeding ground for the world drug problem and other related issues. We can deal with drugs by full-fledged preventive and educational policies guided by the state. Where we have social inclusion and community participation, accessible care, together with a robust decision to enforce the law and wide international cooperation. We think that consumption, production and trafficking is so serious that we have prevented our territory from being used for these purposes.
The Cuban revolution, without resources and subject to blockades, has nevertheless been successful because of the will of our people. At this point in time, reaffirming commitments of other states to control drugs, where the three UN Conventions are the keystone to counter this scourge, we reiterate our conviction that the political declaration of 2009, the Ministerial Declaration of 2014 and the Outcome Document of 2016 should have equal status because they display global consensus.
We reiterate the commitment of Cuba with a legitimate aspiration of reaching societies that are free from the use of illicit drugs in the interests of wellbeing of our peoples.
South Africa: We maintain that the fight against the world drug problem is a common and shared responsibility that demands our cooperation. Drug abuse undermines development and destroys the moral fibre of society. My government reaffirms its commitment to the international commitments in terms of facing drug control, including enshrined in the documents of 2009, 2014. Our annual presence here is representative of our commitment. The global trends about drug use remaining multifaceted, characterised by concurrent use of multiple substance, plant based drugs and synthetics, we call on the international community to innovate in this regard. Like many countries, South Africa is not immune to the scourge of drugs. Women and children are affected particularly. My government continues to accelerate the implementation of prevention and treatment programmes. Including a prevention campaign with the slogan ‘I am fine without drugs’, developed in collaboration with UNODC. Treatment centres are accessible in all provinces of our country now. Until we disrupt, neutralise and dismantle the transnational networks behind this market, the world drug problem will continue. We continue to foster a collaborative approach in the region to tackle this problem. We also continue to destroy and dismantle labs to disrupt the illicit trade. We commend member states for commending the Vienna spirit on cannabis. While South Africa has reviewed the recommendations of WHO recommendations and is in a position to support them, we will continue to strive to arrive for an amicable solution. We are thankful to the Chair for his steering of the process of updating the ARQ. We conclude on encouraging the UNODC to continue to provide technical assistance to Member States, particularly in implementing a balanced, integrated, comprehensive and evidence based response to the world drug problem.
Singapore: The drug problem is a serious concern to the world. Every day, lives are destroyed and communities are harmed by drug abuse. The global community must continue to work closely on this challenge. We must remain united in this effort. We express appreciation to the Chair for his efforts in advancing discussions on the recommendations by the WHO ECDD. Last year, we adopted a Ministerial Declaration to jointly address and counter the world drug problem and promoting a society free of drug abuse to ensure all people live in dignity, peace and prosperity. Singapore is committed to the spirit and recommendations of the 2019 Ministerial Declaration, which highlights the mutually complimentary and reinforcing documents of 2009, 2014 and 2016 documents. Our collective CND commitment to the drug control Conventions and the documents mentioned form the basis of our common work. This framework cannot be undermined. We have work really hard to make it happen. Every Member must retain their right to implement policies within the boundaries of the established framework. Singapore believes every person has the right to live in an environment free of drug abuse. Our efforts seek to ensure this right. Harm prevention strategy based on supply and demand reduction. If we can prevent, we minimise downstream the consequences. Through education, community-driven advocacy (engagement with parents and students through social media, leveraging technology, preventative education for youth and others). In 2019, we organised a regional training on prevention programmes in educational settings. In 2019, we conducted 1400 enforcement operations including in borders and dismantled hundreds of syndicates. Drug production in the region has a significant impact in our country, which is why we work with partners from the region to tackle this issue. We cooperate with the SMART programme, joining a workshop on the growing synthetic drug situation in the region. In terms of rehabilitation and aftercare, we believe in giving opportunities to addicts escape addiction. We help them give up their drug habits and reintegrate back into society. We adopt a whole-society approach to provide skills training, job support and counselling. Targeted interventions to rehabilitate youth, for instance. We invite you to join our side event on the matter. Drug abuse is fundamentally harmful on abusers and families and communities. The international community has to rally together to ensure our children enjoy a society free from the scourge of drugs.
Dominican Republic: We are well aware the world drug problem continues to be one of the most serious challenges. Needs multifaceted approach. Safety of citizens and human rights are most important. We should devise broad and integrated policies within UNODC and other UN instruments. We’ve made major headway in bolstering prevention strategies but constantly facing difficulties in facing demands and supply. We are in the midst of producing and consuming countries. Many different contexts are involved in awareness raising programs. ‘Play and Live’ is a program to develop resilience in young people. Cannabis vote is a very complex issue – with many consequences – we support the delay to have better outcome. Important to note cooperation and extradition of people for drug trafficking offences. Uphold UNODC as policy making body. In keeping with conventions, and UN Declaration on Human Rights to counter root causes of world drug problem
Syrian Arab Republic: We have been updating national legislations in line with international instruments. Aligning efforts to minimise trafficking. Building nation capacities. Syria has been suffering from transnational drug program. We are a transit route and this problem was exacerbated in previous years. Created a conducive environment for transfer and smuggling of drugs. This highlights close relationship between terrorism and transnational organised crime and drug trafficking. Some countries sponsoring terrorism in Syria, use drugs to target us. They are using drugs to control the youth. These same countries have been perpetrate hideous crimes against the Syrian people. We are deeply concerned about these groups smuggling illicit drugs. We need international cooperation to face this danger. We need lab equipment and modern detection tools. We aim to fight drug trafficking. Blockades imposed on use prevent us in requiring needed tools. Some countries have legalised cannabis for non-med purposes – this violates conventions, 2009 PD and 2016 Outcome doc.
Afghanistan: 75% of opium cultivation is taking place in Aghanistan and most of the opium is being converted to heroin. The impact of cultivation of opium on Afghanistan weakens the rule of law, public trust, public safety and insurgance of terrorism and importantly takes thousands of lives of those protecting boarders on routes out of aghanistan. There are major challenges posed against this issue. There has been significant reduction on poppy cultivation in 2019 thanks to afghanistan efforts. Over 1 million dollars in cash confiscated, — soldiers however lost their lives. Afghanistan is fully committed with working with US and UNODC to tackle this challenge in afghanistan. Provide social economic analysis and enhance the fight against poppy cultivation and production of opium in afghanistan. High commission led by the president was held whilst 24 members of the cabinet were present and gave clear instruction on countering the effects. Including full integration of counter-narcotic system within the minister of the interior. Continue to improve the fight against drugs. Promoting alternative development and improving livelihoods and public awareness. Continue the fight against narcotic drugs. Activate a direct telephone line to receive complaints of opium production. Strengthen equipment at dry ports and airports against the trafficking of precursors and drug trafficking. Effective joint collaboration and coordination. Major challenge is high demand of drugs locally and globally, trafficking of precursors and psychotropic drugs into Afghanistan and lack of equipment resources to counter drug trafficking. Proposed suggestions to fight the drugs and face the challenges, developing international counter narcotic strategy, prevent import of precursors and drugs into afghanistan, train police, provide greater checks at borders and airports, strengthen alternative development ie access to irrigation water, distribution of modified seeds, creating markets for legal crops and products. Increasing rule of law, good governance and balance of economic development where poppy cultivation occurs.
Saudi Arabia: We are meeting today in order to discuss the growing problem of drugs and the different challenges, in order to find the most effective means to counter this phenomenon.
Saudi Arabia expresses its full commitment to the three Conventions which constitute a cornerstone and integrative framework to coordinating effective efforts against the scourge of drugs based on shared principles. We call on enhancing international efforts in line with the UNGASS 2016 Outcome Document and Ministerial Declarations of 2016 and 2018. These are all effective outcomes and tools to allow us to deal with the drug problem.
The Kingdom is sparing no efforts and is adopting all the effective means to face this problem. WE have been galvanising all resources to fight illicit trade and the smuggling networks. These policies have given positive results, on international, national and regional levels. In collaboration with law enforcement in other countries we have seized large amounts of drugs. Despite these efforts, drug smuggling is still increasing and we have noted in the past two years an increase in the smuggling of amphetamine-like substances. The smuggling networks have been adopting innovative efforts to smuggle these substances; they have changed countries of origin, in order to circumvent the trafficking of these shipments. We have also noticed a growth in smuggling of methamphetamine.
It is important to promote international cooperation to put an end to the networks selling drugs and controlled substances, especially operations taking place on the dark webs.
We consider that reducing demand on drugs is a cornerstone to face this problem. We grant special importance to the awareness and preventive programmes – particularly those which target youth to raise awareness to the risks of drug dependency and addiction. We have also expanded rehabilitation and treatment centres and have been adopting scientific evidence-based programmes and using external expertise to achieve our goals.
We encourage cooperation on regional and international levels to prevent illicit use of drugs and chemical precursor trade. We have been using the programmes to increase our seizures of shipments.
El Salvador: We reaffirm our commitment with the overall objective of the 2019 Ministerial Declaration, to step up our commitments (2009, 2014, 2016). The world drug problem is preceded and sustained by several aspects with medical impacts. Our President’s government has sought to address this issue among children and teenagers. Prevention strategies on social media, sensitisation, implementing the programme Cyber Sano. If you do drugs you’ll wreck your lives. We’re bringing in all relevant agencies to support, and the international lions club. Strategies for prevention in school sin 5 schools of the capital city to increase the skills of subtends to prevent risky behaviour. We’ve also started a certified project so that municipalities are in a position to devise programmes to prevent drug misuse, especially among children and youth. Treatment is another aspect to be considered. We have a disciplinary team in place. It brings together government representatives and society reps. It will establish the first specialised centre to provide inhouse treatment to drug dependent individual, linked to the national health system. El Salvador, in Central America / the Caribbean, is an area of transit and transhipment. The INCB report shows we continue to face multipole threats and require multiple forms of support including technical assistance. We have thus devised a group to face these challenges. We have faced considerable seizures in high seas. In keeping with the 2019 INCB report, the greatest seizure in our region was brought about in El Salvador. In the context of the Containers programme, in 2019 we signed a strategy on interdiction of precursors. It is very important, in keeping with UNGASS 2016, that substances remain available for scientific and medical purposes, which is why we’re proposing a resolution in this regard. We also look forward to the INCB learning event.
Malta: We align ourselves with the statement of the EU. The UNGASS 2019 and MS2019 reaffirm the need to continue cooperation in implementing drug control treaties, in accordance with human rights obligations in the context of drug policies, strategies and programmes. Challenges require adequate and effective response with coordination at a multisectoral level, internationally too and with the cooperation of academia and civil society to design strategies in line with broader strategies on SDGs. All policies must be based on evidence and best practices. It is imperative that we have accurate, reliable and relevant data to identify emerging trends and markets. Accurate data must measure how effective our responses are. Translating evidence into policy isn’t easy or obvious. This was what the event tomorrow would have sought to explore. Unfortunately, we had to cancel it as a result of travel cancellations. The Human Rights Guidelines showed the importance of self-assessment tools and indicators to reflect the outcomes that policies have. In Malta, we have recognised the need to build a drug information system to guide policy and practice. The success of the instruments in place have allowed some measurements. For instance, identify that most of the people in touch with the criminal justice system for possession offences were not treated. We have thus set up residential and community services. A lot has to be done still. All approaches must respect fundamental freedoms and human rights and we welcome the exchange of best practices in this endeavour.
Chair: We’re breaking now for the reception. There will be a night session starting from 7.30pm
Secretary: Tomorrow: EU coordination meeting: 830 in M2 and at 2pm
- 10am in rm M5 on L5
- 10.30am in rm M4 on L4
- 1pm in rm M4 on L2
- 4pm in rm M5 on L6
*** EVENING SESSION ***
Argentina: It is an honor for me to address you at this Sixty-third Session of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs. The government that assumed in the Republic of Argentina in December 2019, headed by Dr. Alberto Fernández, has ratified its vocation to continue reflecting critically on the most appropriate policies for addressing the World Drug Problem, under the principle of responsibility common and shared, with a multidisciplinary approach, comprehensive, balanced and based on scientific evidence. In this regard, at the international level we will continue to promote cooperation to exchange information and coordinate bilateral and regional actions, as well as in specialized agencies at international level, in full compliance with the Charter of the United Nations, International Law, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the three International Conventions on Drugs. As stated in the 2019 Ministerial Declaration, our country recognizes that some progress has been made in fulfilling the commitments assumed. However, it is observed that there are still deep challenges that force a reflective look at the policies that are being implemented. Argentina is particularly concerned that the illicit drug markets are growing and diversifying despite the efforts of the entire international community. Mr. President, We understand that it is a priority to respect, protect and promote all human rights, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law when formulating and implementing drug policies. In that direction, addressing the World Drug Problem in our country is carried out in an intersectoral manner between the Secretariat of Integral Policies on Drugs, which is the governing body in prevention and care policies for people, the Ministry of Health that coordinates the actions for the sanitary approach to the problem and the Ministry of Security, which is the governing body in supply reduction policies. Our country supports an approach focused on people, their vital trajectories and their subjective constitution, which clearly differentiates those aspects that must be addressed from the political dimension of social bond construction and the construction of a healthy life project, from those that must be approached from the field of security. We define problematic consumption as a multidimensional phenomenon in which a medical-sanitary dimension, a legal-normative dimension and a subjective dimension stand out, since the meaning of substance use for each person is part of the uniqueness of their life story. In this way, in the area of demand, prevention policy focuses on people and on the design of collective care strategies in specific fields such as education, the workplace, confinement contexts and rural and rural areas. Population groups such as youth, indigenous communities, women and the LGTBIQ collective. The prevention actions are aimed at promoting the interpellation of practices and representations related to substance use and the transmission of information on the physical and social consequences of substance use, based on scientific evidence. The policies of attention and accompaniment of problematic consumptions address all dimensions of people’s lives and focus on enabling accessibility of treatments and guaranteeing from the State a network of devices in agreement with civil society. Mr. President, In the area of supply, the focus is on the effective impact that control policies have on illicit drug markets. Criminal investigation is prioritized by directing the efforts of the persecution in those actors, organizations and criminal networks of greater size and that generate greater damages for the community. It is a priority to achieve greater effectiveness in our interventions avoiding efforts to concentrate on the weakest actors in the chain of illicit drug marketing and, therefore, more easily replaceable. Therefore, strengthening national capacities for control is essential, as well as continuing to develop information systems with indicators that clearly reveal the results of the policies implemented. Mr. President, Finally, Argentina recognizes that the adequate availability of internationally controlled substances for medical and scientific purposes is an essential element of the right to health, and it is essential to strike a balance between the availability of the aforementioned substances for these purposes and the need to avoid the diversion of them towards illicit purposes.
United Kingdom: Chair and distinguished guests. Let me start by welcoming you, Ambassador, into the chair of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, and express the United Kingdom’s support for your distinguished leadership. Allow me also to pass on our congratulations to the Executive Director on her recent appointment. I would also like to thank the Commission Secretariat for the timely information and support in the preparation for this Commission. The United Kingdom supports the UNODC, WHO and INCB in their treaty mandated role. It is important that civil society, the scientific community and academia continue to meaningfully participate in the Commission. Chair, This meeting marks an important opportunity for the Commission to progress the implementation of our joint commitments – it is imperative that we turn our attentions to concerted action to counter the world drug problem. Despite efforts by the global community, we face unprecedented challenges. Over the last two decades global opium production and cocaine manufacture doubled and hundreds of NPS have been synthesised in recent years. All the while, Organised Crime Groups make considerable profit from the global illicit drug market and in the UK alone, it is estimated that the illicit drugs market is worth £9.4 billion a year. We must step up international efforts to choke off the supply of harmful drugs and pursue the organised criminals behind this trade. In 2017, there were more than half a million drug-related deaths. Global access to treatment is alarming low and we must do more to implement the UNGASS recommendations on demand reduction and related measures, including prevention and treatment, and other health-related issues. Collectively, we must also strengthen efforts to make material progress in increasing access to controlled medicines, in accordance with the Global Goals 2030 roadmap and WHO’s Roadmap for Access to Medicines (2019-2023). The UK are extremely concerned that international efforts to reduce HIV transmission among people who inject drugs by 50 per cent by 2015 has been missed. We must therefore, redouble our efforts to combat HIV among people who use drugs, and in so doing support delivery of the Global Goals. Human rights violations continue to be committed in the name of drug control. The UK oppose the use of the death penalty in all circumstances as a matter of principle. We urge all Member States who still use the death penalty to abolish this unacceptable and ineffective practice. The United Kingdom is delivering a modern, balanced and evidence-based response to drugs within the UN Drug Control Conventions. Yet illegal drugs continue to have a devastating impact on UK communities – it is estimated that the economic cost of drugs to society is almost £20 billion a year and the number of drug-related deaths is extremely concerning. That is why we commissioned an independent review of drugs led by Dame Carol Black. Whilst the findings of that review are concerning – they will inform the Government response going forward. We are increasing our enforcement response to disrupt drug supply and will take a new approach to treatment to reduce drug deaths and break the cycle of crime linked to addiction. We continue to support a range of evidence-based approaches to reduce drug harms, such as supporting heroin assisted treatment and we are committed to widening the availability of naloxone to prevent overdose deaths. Through this work, the United Kingdom is implementing the UNGASS Outcome Document’s recommendation to take a truly comprehensive approach to addressing drug misuse. Chair, We note the Commission was able to come to consensus on the way forward World Health Organisation’s recommendations regarding cannabis and related substances, but it is imperative that the vote takes place in December in order for the CND to fulfil its treaty mandated role. Chair, I will conclude by reiterating the UK’s commitment to the work here at the Commission to address and counter the world drug problem. Thank you for this opportunity to address the Commission.
Mexico: Mr. President of the Bureau of the Sixty-third Session; Distinguished Heads of Delegation; Ladies and Gentlemen: I have the honor to address this area at a historic moment for our Narcotic Drugs Commission, because it is the first time that a woman holds the position of Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and the Crime in Vienna, so on behalf of the Government of Mexico, I would like to extend a congratulation to Mrs. Ghada Fathi Waly, convinced that under her leadership, UNODC and the Commission on Narcotic Drugs in particular will contribute to consolidating multilateralism as the best formula to give answers, from an integral perspective, to the world drug problem. This international event takes place at a very special moment for our country, a moment of profound transformation, a moment in which people and their development opportunities are finally placed at the center of all our policies and strategies. The drug policy in Mexico is also part of that transformation and momentum today. We are committed to its deep revision, to move towards a more comprehensive public policy and based on the pillars of health, human rights, social justice, peace and sustainable development. Based on these considerations, the restructuring of our drug policy articulates three key elements: 1) A more assertive public health approach, from which it seeks to improve access to treatment services and advance differentiation between different drugs and its effects, its therapeutic qualities and scientific uses, its prevalence and variations in patterns of use and abuse, incorporating the gender perspective, as well as the attention to specific groups by age, and considering the influence factors of the social context, all with the purpose of designing and implementing better access and control policies, and more evidence-based consumption prevention, treatment and rehabilitation actions. 2) Prevention and reduction of social damage associated with the phenomenon of drugs, such as violence, criminal expressions, stigmatization and criminalization of consumers. It involves implementing actions focused on young people and the population in a situation of vulnerability, in order to guarantee the integral development of individuals and communities affected by the drug market and promote the social co-responsibility of citizens in the implementation of drug policy. 3) Containment and deterrence of drug production, transit and distribution, through an inter-institutional and international coordination and cooperation approach. The strategy today considers intelligence as a key tool to tackle the elements that have increased for years the power of criminal organizations engaged in the illicit drug market, that is, the flows of weapons that enter Mexico illegally, the illicit flows of Capital and corruption. The international framework of action that we have as a reference for this vision of change is based on the recommendations issued by the 2016 Special Session of the United Nations General Assembly on the world drug problem. In this regard, Mexico reiterates the validity of these recommendations and the need to advance its implementation. Likewise, and recognizing that drug policies have a different impact on men and women, it is essential to continue working to incorporate a gender perspective in this area, to eradicate violence against women and to promote their active participation in the measures of Attention. Ladies and gentlemen, It is imperative for Mexico to achieve a true balance in the implementation of drug policies, based on the fact that attention to the structural causes of the drug phenomenon and the adaptation to new realities and dynamics from the field represent the path to continue to achieve better results at the national, regional and international levels, and also contribute to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda of the United Nations. In this regard, let me share with you that the Government of Mexico is promoting a National Strategy for Addiction Prevention called “Together for Peace,” which recognizes rights of protection, support and links with treatment for the affected population. It also promotes emotional and social health, is based on scientific evidence and places a particular emphasis on the most vulnerable populations. Additionally, and considering that one of the ways to address the causes that cause insecurity and violence is through the generation of opportunities for young people, the Government of Mexico has launched the “Youth building the future” program. During the training, for up to one year, young people receive monthly financial support and medical insurance against illness, maternity and work risks. Mr. President, These actions carried out by Mexico today respond that for many years international efforts on drugs have focused more on control and prohibition, and have lagged behind commitments to ensure a preventive approach. , of access to substances for medical and scientific purposes, and the impossibility of giving options such as the responsible regulation of certain substances. For this reason, we consider that it is time that from the Commission on Narcotic Drugs work to recognize that differentiation, recognize new realities and dynamics, and seek innovative visions that allow us to return to people. This discussion can only have the necessary depth and scope in a multilateral platform like the one that summons us today. We have the obligation to fulfill the roles that our international agreements mark us, for example, in terms of changes in the international inspection lists. We have before us the obligation to take action on the recommendations of the Committee of Experts on Drug Dependence of the World Health Organization that resulted from the critical analysis of cannabis and its derivatives, an analysis to which we welcomed. For Mexico, the possibility of postponing this action should not be a pretext, but should guide us to recognize and reaffirm the key role of the treaty bodies, and force us to debate more than ever about what should change to improve the international drug control policy. Let us take advantage of this dialogue to recognize the new realities of the world drug phenomenon, while also recognizing the particular national challenges of each of our countries. Only in this way can we begin to generate the critical mass necessary to strengthen the international legal framework on drug control, always with the guiding focus of the purpose of safeguarding the well-being and health of our societies.
Thailand: First of all, on behalf of the Royal Thai Government, I would like to extend our warmest congratulations to Miss Ghada Fathi Waly on your recent appointment as Executive Director of the UNODC. And Mister Chair, allow me to congratulate you as the chair of the sixty-third session of the CND and to thank you and the Secretariat for all the hard work you have done on preparing for this session. This year’s CND is a tough year for Mister Chair and I assure you Thailand’s full support and cooperation. Thailand reaffirms our support for the CND as the governing body on drug control matters of the United Nations and the UNODC as the leading entities in the United Nations system for countering the world drug problem. We fully commit ourselves to the three international drug control conventions as the cornerstone of the international drug control system. We also reaffirm our strong commitment to political 2 declarations adopted in 2009, 2014 and 2019. And we reiterate our determination to the implementation of the 2016 UNGASS outcome documents. Drug Situation and its impacts Following a profound change in the regional drug market with the surge in methamphetamine production in the Golden Triangle, Thailand has been targeted as the market and transit country for methamphetamine, both methamphetamine tablet or Yaba and crystalline methamphetamine or ICE. Over the last five years, methamphetamine seizures rose 5 times with more than half cheaper price and more purity. Thailand’s approach to address the drug problem Of course, the impacts of the drug problem in the Golden Triangle are far beyond Thailand’s borders. The Royal Thai Government has given priority to address the drug problem and stands ready to cooperate with every country and related international organizations in countering the world drug problem. We treat the people who use illegal drugs as patients who are in need of assistance in term of sufficient treatment and rehabilitation services and a second chance to reintegrate into the society. The health-based drug policy has been adopted in Thailand since 2017 by applying harm reduction approach as a part of the demand reduction measures. Alternatives to punishment have also been applied by the Court for a minor drug related offence. Moreover, we do realize that more emphasis on drug prevention must be put in place in drug control policy. The community-based campaign on drug prevention with an aim to expand safety zones in the communities across the country has been highlighted. In parallel, a nationwide raising awareness campaign for young people against drug use has been promoted at every educational level and though the social media. It is our firm believe that “no chemicals, no drugs.” We focus our efforts to reduce the number of illicit drugs in the Golden Triangle by enhancing law enforcement measures to intercept and suppress 3 precursor chemicals smuggled into the Golden Triangle and to interdict the drug smuggling within the region and out of the region. We have not done these alone but with full cooperation and support from our friends in the Mekong Sub-regions. On 15 November 2019, the ministerial consultation meeting of 6 member countries of the Safe Mekong Operation, namely Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand, held in Bangkok agreed to jointly launch the Operation 1511 to intensify cooperation along the borders with the concurrent operations in each member country over the year 2020 to push pressure on the drug producers and drug traffickers in the Mekong Sub-region. Thailand realizes that it is important to balance the need for narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances for medical and scientific purposes, with careful consideration for the adverse effects on public health and welfare of the people. We do reaffirm our commitment to the ASEAN’s stand against legalization of narcotic drugs for non-medical and scientific use. Last but not least, alternative development is also one of the major measures of Thailand’s drug control policy. Our success in sustainably reducing the illicit opium poppy production by introducing alternative development to the highland people for 50 years reveals the importance of the inclusive and sustainable development-oriented approach in addressing the drug problem. I would like to invite all distinguished delegate to visit of our exhibition entitled “Thailand’s 50 – Year Journey on Alternative Development towards Sustainable Development” at the Rotunda Hall. We stand ready to share our experiences and best practices on alternative development. Conclusion To conclude, I would like to reaffirm Thailand’s strong commitment to the Spirit of Vienna Consensus to counter the world drug problem and reiterate our full support to the success of this session. Thank you for your kind attention.
Vietnam: 1. Over the past years, the complex and expanding world drug problem has been causing serious challenges to all states. Drug problem is truly a dangerous threat to national economic development and social security. In addition, drugrelated crimes also cause other types of crimes, such as terrorism financing, corruption and money laundering. Along with international integration and globalization, transnational drug trafficking has been increasingly complicated and unpredictable. In this context, Viet Nam highly appreciates efforts of the international community in addressing and countering the world drug problem, including programme and activities of UN organizations, particularly the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Viet Nam reaffirms the significance of three United Nations Conventions on drugs control, the Political Declaration and Action Plan in 2009, the Ministerial Declaration in 2014, the 2016 UNGASS Outcome Document and the recent Ministerial Declaration adopted in 2019. They must be regarded as fundamental documents for making policy on global drugs issues. Viet Nam fully supports the position of ASEAN and some members states on a zero-tolerance attitude towards drugs; being resolute against the legalization of drug use, striving for the realization of a drug-free ASEAN community; respecting the sovereignty of each country in choosing the optimal solutions which balances supply and demand reduction, in line with each country’s historical, political, economic, social and cultural situations. Mr. Chairman, 2. In recent years, Viet Nam’s Government has always directed all levels and branches to implement synchronous solutions including supply reduction, demand reduction in combination with reducing harms caused by drugs. In order to strengthen our legislation, Viet Nam took into account the development of drug crimes and amended the 2000 Law on Drug Control. We also adopted national policies to set up long-term goals for combating drug crimes, such as the National Strategy on Drug Control to 2020 and a vision until 2030; invested in projects under the Government’s national program on drug prevention and suppression; In law enforcement on drugs, Viet Nam has enhanced information exchange specifically and timely with countries in the region and the world via hotlines; cooperated to implement the high campaign on drug control with neighboring countries at the hot flash and risk areas; coordinate with other countries in conducting joint investigations to arrest transnational drug-related crimes and discover all of drug trafficking organizations too. We have also been implementing more propaganda and education activities to raise awareness on impacts of drugs, especially on the youths. With the support from social organizations and the people, the Government has been carrying out many treatment programs, helping drug addicts reintegrate into the community. On the basis of the Project on Reforming Drug Treatment in Viet Nam by 2020, we are striving to build a community-based drug treatment system. Schools and the media are also actively involved in mainstreaming effects of drugs in their lessons and TV programs. Furthermore, Viet Nam has cooperated closely with regional and bordering states as well as the international community to address drug problem, participated actively in bilateral and multilateral mechanisms on drug control in the region and within the UN framework. Especially, last year Viet Nam accelerated the initiative to organize a Ministerial Meeting on Enhancing the Cooperation Effectiveness in Combating Transnational Drug Crimes with the participation of Ministerial level delegations from ASEAN members, Sub-Mekong region and the UNODC. This cooperation mechanism is to find out new risks and challenges as well as promptly respond to complicated and unpredictable development of drug crimes. Mr. Chairman, 3. It is evident that in over the past 10 years, the Political Declaration and Action Plan 2009 had been the solid foundation for Member States in shaping and developing effective drug control policy. The Declaration was updated by the Ministerial Declaration 2019 to confront with challenges and development of drug crimes in the new context. In order to further enhance the implementation of the 2019 Declaration on the basis of three international Conventions on drug prevention, we would like to share some recommendations as follows: Firstly, Member States, UN agencies and international organizations should strengthen cooperation in carrying out comprehensive and holistic measures at the national, regional and international level; as well as balancing demand and supply reduction measures. Viet Nam emphasizes the importance of respecting sovereignty, territorial integrity and the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of member states in addressing drug problem, in line with the UN fundamental documents on drug control. Secondly, UN agencies and the international community continue paying attention and supporting to implement the Strategies, National Programs and Action Plan on drug control through cooperation projects on policy advices, improve the legal basis in accordance with International Drug Control Conventions and standards, strengthen capacity of functional staffs, promote propaganda programs to raise awareness on crime prevention, demand reduction and drug treatment. Thirdly, regional drug control programs and cooperation frameworks should be formulated and designed based on taking into account current drug situation and financial resources. Those mechanisms should effectively assist to create close and cooperative relations among regional and international programmes as well as encourage bilateral cooperation among member states. Mr. Chairman, Viet Nam is committed to work closely with other countries in addressing and countering global drug issues. We also call on states, the UNODC and other international organizations to continue supporting Viet Nam in this regard. On this occasion, I wish our Session success and make an important contribution to the global fight against drugs. Thank you very much./.
Republic of Korea:
Turkey: At the outset, I would like to congratulate you, Excellency, for your Chairmanship. I assure you Turkey’s full support and cooperation. Taking this opportunity, I would also like to express our appreciation to the UNODC Secretariat for the preparation of this important session. Mr. President, This problem with its multifaceted nature could only be tackled through a multisectoral approach and strong international cooperation. Turkey is fully committed to the three international drug conventions, which are the cornerstones of the international drug control system. Their full and universal implementation is crucial for the effectiveness of the system. We all bear the responsibility of implementing the Conventions. The CND as the primary policy making body and the UNODC as the leading entity for international drug policies should continue to steer our endeavors. The INCB and the World Health Organization within their treaty mandated functions will continue to play very important roles as well. Our collective work will benefit from the contributions of all relevant UN entities. Mr. President, Criminal organizations make billions of Dollars through illegal manufacturing or trafficking of drugs, along with other forms of transnational crime. Naturally many terrorist organizations also get involved in these activities to fund their heinous activities. This is a serious threat and we should effectively cooperate to counter it. PKK/PYD/YPG terrorist organization is directly involved in drug trafficking through its widespread connections in Europe and uses the benefits to finance its activities. In many recent operations conducted against PKK cells in Turkey, large amounts of illegal drugs have also been seized along with weapons and other material. Mr. President, Turkish Government adopted its Counter Drug Strategy and Plan of Action for the years 2018-2023 and also established a High Council for Combatting Drug Dependency, under the auspices of the Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. The Strategy is based on a balanced and comprehensive approach. The Action Plan comprises measures that target both demand and supply reduction within a coordinated national framework. In the prevention area, effective and successful government-civil society partnerships are developed. The Turkish Green Crescent Society and other NGO’s have assumed important roles in this field. They are willing to cooperate with similar NGOs of other partner countries. Under the coordination of the Ministry of Health, tangible progress has been achieved in the provision of better public services in the treatment and rehabilitation fields as well as availability of the controlled substances. Ministry of Health, Turkish Medicines and Medical Devices Agency introduced the new Colored Prescription System in order to prevent the abuse of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances without limiting their medical use in a more effective way. We are also increasing the national capacity of data collection on substance dependence trends to correctly and adequately address the challenges. On the other side, we continue fighting against the traffickers and street level sellers of illicit drugs. Turkey allocates huge national resources to counter drugs and precursors trafficking. The Turkish National Police, Gendarmerie, Coast Guard and Customs authorities continue to successfully seize a significant portion of illicit drugs trafficking through our territory. Within 2019, more than 20 tons of heroin, 90,5 tons of marijuana, 1,6 tons of cocaine, 1042 kilograms of methamphetamine, 710 kilograms of cannabinoid, 803 liters of acetic anhydride, 11 millions of captagon and 8,6 millions of ecstasy tablets have been seized. New technological equipment and surveillance systems are also developed and employed by the relevant authorities to combat more effectively against the illegal drug related activities. Cooperation of the law enforcement authorities with their regional counterparts also plays an essential role in successful operations against transnational drug trafficking networks. We fully support the further strengthening of the regional cooperation in this field. Turkey is seriously concerned about the increasing use of new psychoactive substances, especially among the youth. Tackling this emerging threat is one of the priority areas in our national efforts. We believe that misuse of internet for drug related crimes is also a growing threat that we should jointly work on. On the other hand, Turkey, as one of the legal and reliable opiate raw material supplier for medical and scientific purposes, not only takes all necessary measures to increase the quality of the crops, but also applies strict controls that prevent any diversion. Mr. President, Turkey adheres to the principle of shared responsibility and has been trying to contribute in a positive manner to the international efforts towards strengthening the collective responses to drug related challenges. In this vein, we have been offering assistance to many countries in their capacity building efforts. Training programs conducted by the Turkish International Academy Against Drugs and Organized Crime in various fields has so far constituted a major pillar of our assistance programs. In 2018 a new institution focusing mainly on counter-narcotic training was also established within the Turkish National Police. The Counter Narcotics Training Academy has been hosting many training programs for hundreds of participants from different countries. Also, Turkish National Academy for Combatting Organized Crimes and Drugs is continuing its cooperation with its counterparts in various countries. Mr. President, To conclude, I would like to reaffirm my country’s strong commitment to our common efforts. I also reiterate our support to the success of this session under your able chairmanship. Thank you
Uruguay: First of all, let me congratulate you on your designation, as well as that of the rest of the members of the Bureau, in whom we trust you will successfully carry out the meeting that is calling us today. Mr. President, Uruguay reiterates what is expressed in the resulting document of UNGASS 2016, in the sense that, when formulating and implementing drug policies, all human rights, fundamental freedoms and dignity inherent in all persons and the rule of law, based on the principles present in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other relevant legal instruments in the field of human rights. We are committed to compliance with the International Drug Control Conventions based on the objectives of human well-being and public health, insofar as these are the superior objectives that they postulate. Today, we are comforted to know that, more and more, States and institutions are directing their actions in the matter based on these higher principles. Uruguay, together with other countries, international organizations and civil society organizations, has insisted that there are still many problems regarding the control of illicit drug markets and that the war on drugs and prohibitionist policies as the only regulatory tool They have not solved the problems but have exacerbated them, affecting social coexistence and increasing the violence associated with drug trafficking. We understand that it is essential to establish the proper balance between prevention, early intervention and the right to treatment of consumers with the necessary efforts to suppress organized crime and punish all activities of criminal groups linked to drug trafficking. Among them, money laundering, illicit manufacturing and trafficking of firearms, corruption, trafficking in persons, sexual exploitation of women, girls and boys and the diversion of chemicals and precursors used in the illicit manufacture of narcotics and psychotropic substances, among others. Mr. President, We must review our way of acting and addressing the problem from a multidimensional perspective, based on dialogue and the search for agreements within the framework of the United Nations, based on multilateralism and cooperation as fundamental tools to address the Global nature of the world drug problem. It is essential to include the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and consider the promotion of gender equity and the empowerment of women, limit the criminalization, imprisonment and stigmatization of drug users and, definitively, eliminate the death penalty. In its National Drug Strategy, Uruguay seeks to address the problem comprehensively and effectively. In that sense, measures have been incorporated to strictly and restrictively regulate the tobacco market, cannabis market for non-medical purposes and alcohol market, based on criteria that prioritize public health and social welfare. Drug abuse is a public health problem, so it is necessary to strengthen the areas of prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, contemplating the multidimensionality of the phenomenon, in accordance with social and cultural contexts, with a focus on social inclusion and incorporating the damage and risk reduction model. Uruguay proposes not to criminalize the consumer because this vision has generated socio-cultural exclusion and the growing marginalization of illegal drug users. Mr. President, There are no drugs without risks and the use of drugs should not be considered a problem outside of us. Drug use is part of our daily life, so we must put aside a great deal of prejudice or a purely moralistic or paternalistic view of the subject, in order to avoid stigmatizing illegal drug users, who were offered very few alternatives to their situation of social exclusion. We address the problem as a public health issue, putting people’s well-being at the center, through a comprehensive vision of drug policies, with a cross-sectional perspective on human and gender rights, which will certainly bring us closer to the implementation of the sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda. Thank you very much.