Side event: EU Policy cycle for the fight against serious and organized crime

Outline of talk.
EU Designed for normative work.  Also interested in operational issues.
Two sections on drugs and organized crime with a view to dealing with drug trafficking.
Litigated working group … to integrate…giving history.  Task force…2009 Treaty of Lisbon.  Standing committee.  COZY committee on internal security.  Efforts to strengthen and efforts.
General background on internal security strategy
Committee on internal security
EU policy cycle
9 crime priorities – 2 related to drugs
Conclusion

General background.
Threats and challenges cannot be addressed by national level.
Terrorism, serious and organized crime, cybercrime, violence, disasters, etc.
For forty years MS working together.
Need for efficient exchange of information and intelligence between law enforcement authorities.
Need for close cooperation and coordination between MS and with EU agencies.

Foundations
Stockholm programme
Written/adopted under Swedish Presidency in 2009
EU areas of freedom, security, and justice
Multi year plan 2010-2014
Framework for better police, customs and justice cooperation
Combating serious and organized crime
Integrated external border management

Internal Security Strategy

Common threats and challenges
·      Terrorism
·      Serious and organized crime
·      Cyber crime
·      Cross border crime
·      Violence itself
·      Natural and man made disasters
Will be assessed later this year to see how well it functioned.
Key player.  COSI.  Standing committee on internal security.
Lisbon Treaty commits. Article 71
With a view to ensure that operational cooperation on internal security is promoted and strengthened within the Union.

COSI tasks

·      Facilitate and ensure effective operational cooperation and coordination including police, customs, border authorities and judicial cooperation
·      Evaluate the general direction and efficiency of operational cooperation and adopt recommendations
·      Ensure consistency of actions by EU agencies
·      NOT involved in conducting operations
·      NOT involved in preparing legislative acts

EU Policy Cycle (origins)
·      Project brought under the BE presidency
·      Need to make maximum use of existing structures and instruments
·      Need to develop comprehensive approach to intelligence Led Policing
·      Need for coordinated and integrated approach to EU and national initiatives
·      Need for clear steering mechanisms

No idea to create new structures.  MS mostly responsible – how to bring all this better together so it fits in common effort to maintain a high level of internal security.

In all European MS, intelligence Led Policing.
Get more out of Supply reduction efforts.
Advantages of methodologies.
Identify the right priorities (evidence based)
Integrated multi-disciplinary approach
Optimal allocation of available resources
Increased focus on EU dimension and better synchronization
Flexible response to incidents and emerging threats.

Not just police operations.  Tried to get all actors together in policy cycle.  Depending on the phenomenon.
Get resources together.  Policy cycle the tool to bring resources together.
Convince MS that in national security plans should also have EU priorities
EU policy cycle needs to be flexible…

EU Policy Cycle.  (Graphic)
1.     Evaluate – commission paper … threat assessment
2.     2. Implement and monitor (OAP)
3.     Serious and organized crime threat assessment (SOCTA) Policy development.
4.     Council conclusion/MASP – policy setting and decision making

Threat analysis                      OCTA > SOCTA, marcb 2013
Choice of EU crime priorities           Council Conclusions June 2013
MASPs                        Workshps COM
OAPs   Workshops EUROPOL
Reporting and evaluation

Short policy cycle.  Just over two years.  Test – to see what we can get as first experience and lessons learned.  (years 2012 and 2013)
First full cycle started January 2014 until 2017.  New EU crime priorities…

Choice?
SOCTA 2013 recommendations adapted
Clustering exercise
Political demands
Consensual wording
Policy advisory document

Final outcome: 9 EU Crime priorities (adopted in Council Conclusions June 2013)
MASP (September 2013)
Operational Action Plans (December 2013)

Non-exhaustive list of general achievements in fight against drugs and trafficking
What did we learn?
·      MS information sharing improved on drugs and trafficking
·      Improve of intelligence flow from MS to Europol
·      Law enforcement capability knowledge increased
·      More effective regional solution to capacity building
·      Operational and investigative real achievements
·      Increased the number of joint investigations teams
·      Improved cooperation with relevant non-EU countries.

EU Crime priorities 2014-2017
·      Synthetic drugs
·      Cocaine and heroin trafficking
·      Facilitation of illegal immigration
·      Trafficking in human beings
·      Counterfeit goods (health and safety..)
·      (Didn’t get all)

synthetic drugs – reduce production of SD in the EU and disrupt the OCG involved in SD trafficking.
Strategic goals.  Through methodology.
·      Strategic and operation picture
·      Multidisciplinary approach
·      Reduce diversion and trafficking of precursors
·      Increase law enforcement knowledge
·      Law enforcement and judicial cooperation
·      Asset recovery and money laundering
·      Multi-disciplinary training and awareness activities
Cocaine and heroin trafficking
Strategic goals 2012-2017
·      Get a clear strategic and operational picture
·      Cooperation and intelligence and information exchange
·      Cooperation with third countries
·      Prominent OCGs and high value targets
·      Criminal infrastructure
·      Multidisciplinary approach
·      Raise awareness and prevention capabilities
·      Optimize operational outcomes

Yearly OAPs implementation.
Actors, one EU MS always a driver.  Can be co-drivers.  Other MS or other EU institutions.
Main Actions
·      Individual actions by MS
·      Individual actions from Agencies
·      Combination/collaboration of several MS and or agencies
·      Regular reporting (Action leaders and drivers)

Some conclusions

EU Policy cycle provides new opportunity to tackle serious organized crime.
Internal security needs a comprehensive and coordinated EU approach
COSI as a relevant and key stakeholder in the process
Multidisciplinary approach to crime phenomena
Drugs phenomena is one of the most important priorites

Pakistanquestion.  Political will is there.  Organization there.  What is the composition of this standing committee on internal security  Bureaucratic or operational?  How do you determine operational role for a leader state?  (I didn’t get the answer)

Italyquestion.  Interested in the methodology.  Is the EU just now involved in setting list of priorities, and we would like to know if ongoing discussion on role.  EUROJUST.  Does not decide on the priorities.  Agencies are there to contribute and give input, but facilitation. Setting of priorities is responsibility of the Council.

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