Plenary: Item 4. General debate of the ministerial segment (cont…)

Malaysia: This week, we charge direction of our way forward and building on the last decade. We strongly believe that existing conventions and other relevant international instrument are the basis for world drug policy in term of challenges in the years to come. It is a sovereign right of every MS to take into account the unique circumstances and align their interpretations to national policy framework. It is the responsivity of each MS to make decisions that fit best to the needs and priorities of each nation state as well as implementing frameworks respecting the inherent dignity and fundamental freedoms of people. In order to suppress supply we conduct preventive education, treatment and rehabilitation, work with law enforcement, harm reduction in international collaboration. In our enforcement efforts against illicit trafficking, we take a noncompromising stance. To stop the international supply chain, we have taken steps. We are concerned with the link between drugs, trafficking and other forms of organized crime. We forfeited millions worth of assets in this pursuit. We recognize the power of equipping our citizens with the knowhow of responding to drug related threats. We developed measures with community leaders and considered the specific needs of drug abusers among vulnerable groups, such as youth and women. Community based facilities provide programmes and treatment for drug use disorders such as substitution and therapy. We take evidence-based measures, in line with 2016 outcome document, we continue to engage in research to develop our practices and review national policy framework. We are continuously improving our data quality and, as a response to the rising threat of NPS, scheduling decisions on the national level are undertaken as soon as new NPS are detected. We are ready to work with the international community in countering the world drug problem. We look forward to this session yielding positive outcome to achieve a society free of drug abuse and at the same time complementing the 2030 agenda.

Nigeria: We welcome the declaration expressing the unity of purpose in our efforts to address the world drug problem. We are proud to be associated with the negotiations that produced the document. This hopefully will spur the global community to do more. We continue to pursue our efforts in line with the 3 conventions and the 3 political documents since 2009 in an integrated and balanced approach. In our efforts to streamline our efforts towards the well-being of our people, we developed a national masterplan to address the issues of drug demand and supply reduction including ensuring due access for scientific purposes. The strategy employs inter-agency cooperation at the core of its activities. Our demand reduction efforts, in line with the 2009 document, recorded relative successes, there are still gaps in relation to the new developments, in particular the cultivation and abuse of Cannabis. Cannabis is the most commonly used drug in Nigeria. We are also intending to counter illicit trade of controlled substances. In collaboration with economic community, we carry out joint initiatives with neighboring countries. In pursuit of increasing our activities, we approved 15 thousand new personnel to be trained for counter narcotic duties. We recognize ensuring medical access is part of our goals. Currently, several facilities have been designated to improve logistic challenges in terms of controlled medicines. On a domestic scale, we are working to improve the local manufacture of narcotics. In collaboration with UNODC, we developed a program to raise awareness in schools to capture the minds of young people at an impressionable age aim to prevent the use of cannabis, tobacco and alcohol among schoolchildren ages 10-14. In 2018 we paneled a presidential advisory committee on the elimination of drug abuse involving civil society organizations. We are happy to note that the work has given further impetus to achieve a society free of drug abuse. We are mindful of the world drug problem and its impact on the wellbeing of our citizens. It is against this background that we take a firm position against the decriminalization of Cannabis for recreational purposes and call on other member states to respect the 3 conventions. We also urge the scheduling Tramadol and the improvement of the ARQ to credibly take into account the regional realities of the world drug problem.

Japan: The world drug problem remains a serious threat to health and social security. The international community have a history of tackling this together. Counter-terrorism is very important for Japan. We see combatting organised transnational crime, including illicit drug trafficking, as a crucial measure by preventing terrorism financing. The full implementation of the commitment over the past decade is necessary. Japan appreciates the adoption of the Ministerial Declaration. The world drug problem is becoming more complicated. The threat has aggravated. The international community needs to redouble efforts to address new challenges. International cooperation is also indispensable to enforce a balanced approach to supply and demand of drugs. Japan reaffirms the three conventions, which are the cornerstone of the international drug control system. Japan expresses concern about the widespread cannabis abuse and legalisation for recreational use in some parts of the world. Japan requests the INCB to demonstrate strong leadership, as the monitor of the implementation of the conventions. The Japanese strategy, developed last year, promotes a balanced approach, seeks to enhance cooperation. Under the principle of common and shared responsibility, Japan is committed to a responsible role in the community. The government of Japan contributed more than 25 million dollars to enhance international efforts in areas such as law enforcement, border control, treatment and rehabilitation of drug users. We also continuously have supported capacity building in Afghanistan and Central Asia, in cooperation with Russia and the UNODC; including dispatching Japanese experts for training. Other areas include development of alternative crops and illicit drug crops monitoring. Japan reiterates its commitment to the word of the CND as the policymaking body of the UN for drug control and for the work of the UNODC as the leading UN agency on matters related to countering the drug problem. Our efforts against the world drug problem will contribute to the SDGs. We will host the 3rdWorld Congress on Crime Prevention. We will continue to tackle the world drug problem in cooperation with the international community.

Nepal: We welcome the adoption of the Ministerial Declaration by consensus. We align with the G77&China statement and the Asia-Pacific Group statement. The world drug problem remains a threat to the world. It has a profound impact on security and development. The world has established a common international legal framework and institutions to ensure concerted efforts in addressing and countering it. Nepal joins the international community in upholding these commitments and subsequent declarations and outcomes. We set up a balanced legal and institutional framework. Nepal enforces the 1976 law implemented and develops strategies balanced. We seek to protect the health and wellbeing of drug users. (…) The government is revising the drug control act. We expect it will enable us to guide our government to safeguard the healthy and orderly development of drug control programmes. We have made significant political games in the last years. To sustain these, we focus on attending economic development through the vision of a prosperous Nepal. We continue to seek to reduce drug abuse and implement comprehensive and balanced drugs strategy, aligned with our development goal. Years of efforts by the international community means tangible gains. But significant challenges for a society free of drug abuse, which call for further efforts. While aiming for a society free of drug abuse, we need to be mindful with linkages with human rights, human dignity and rule of law; whilst upholding more preventative measures. In this context, we should be working to achieve access and availability to controlled substances for medical and scientific purposes whilst preventing diversion. We call upon the international community to strengthen effective concrete cooperation based on integrated, balanced, scientific evidence-based approach. Preventive measures should be the priority, especially in countries with poor socioeconomic conditions. Technical assistances should be provided in this regard by UNODC. Nepal engages in bilateral and multilateral settings to fight the world drug problem. We will continue to support CND, INCB and UNODC to strengthen the response in all countries. The two roundtables will provide clear guidelines and directions to address and counter the world drug problem.

Myanmar: The menace of drugs has been a priority of our government since we gained independence. We established drug control authorities on different levels taking into consideration harm reduction. Effective implementation of the law has been in line with alternative Development. For the implementation of our current strategy is currently under progress – combined efforts by the government and the public has led to a decrease of drug related health problem and increase of public information. Cultivation of illicit opiates has gone down but unfortunately stimulants have taken over the market. The situation is getting more complex and serious. It is obvious that controlling the illicit movement of precursors is a key aspect of drug control in our region. In cooperation with neighboring countries, the addressing of drug issue also with Thailand, Russia and USA has been an important piece of our work. Our country has been affected by drug production and trafficking. Transnational crime can not be solved by one country alone. We still need more assistance, we sincerely look forward to gain new international partners.

Uruguay:  Greetings. 10 years ago, we all approved the plan of action to combat the global drug problem. Now it is crucial to not overlook its implementation and the unexpected impacts of some of our policies. As we move ahead, the health issues and violence associated with drugs requires strong international collaboration. When the objectives seemingly can’t be achieved with the measures adpopted, we need to be honest and admit our failures. Looking back at the past decade, we need to carry out a critical review together with various stakeholders: instead of being resolved, some problems have been accelerated. Policies with prohibition as the only regulatory tool will not create the necessary conditions to fully implement relevant conventions and reach the well-being of our people. The steps taken since 2016 in terms of protecting human rights and fundamental freedoms are necessary in our work and with keeping the 2030 agenda as a roadmap. In this respect, we are in favor of a system of international control that includes combatting poverty, food security, promoting peaceful existence as well as social inclusion, gender empowerment – women have been particularly affected by these policies. The national strategy of Uruguay, based on conceptual pillars of democracy and on scientific evidence, represent a valuable addition to the discussion today. Concerning cannabis, its early to present definitive conclusions but we can say our country has shown encouraging results. The proceeds from trafficking have been reduced and this sum is higher than what we were able to confiscate in traditional means. People have registered and channeled their needs through legal means which allows them keep away from the black market and live safer. We move along a path that we think brings us closer to the objectives that we’ve set – all our instruments should focus on the protection and well-being of our people and we should keep an open dialogue and allow a certain flexibility to effectively respond to regional specifics. The regulation of markets in Uruguay doesn’t represent the approval of legalization, our measures are reflecting the robust role of the state in the monitoring and control of consumption. We needed to put limits on the criminalization and stigmatization of drug users. We needed to seek alternatives to punishment. We are in favor of the elimination of death penalty. Respect to the universal declaration of human rights will lead us to peace for our people.

United States: Illicit trafficking for nonmedical purposes is a huge threat. This forum is the leading entity to respond accordingly. Our work is guided by the Treaties, the cornerstone. And our three recent policy documents (2009, 2014, 2016), complimentary and mutually reinforcing. As agreed in 2016, our most comprehensive consensus, our efforts to counter the threat of drugs must strike a careful deliberate balance between supply and demand reduction, effective evidence based approaches are critical for an effective response. Today’s drug challenges, turbocharged by new technologies, are unlike previous: darknet, cryptocurrencies, NPS. This new paradigm compounds the challenge. Adulteration with new synthetic substances is a huge challenge. Supply reduction must be agile and innovative. US is supporting UNODC is launching a toolkit to help develop responses to synthetic drug threats. Substance use disorder is a chronic brain disorder. It can be treated with evidence based treatment. WE should focus our attention in helping people living free of drug misuse, increasing quality of services, reducing stigma and linking with other sectors like the crime and justice system. Promoting recovery, not just reducing harms, implies protecting citizens. Under Trump’s leadership, our national drug control strategy calls for a balanced action, providing treatment leading to recovery and reducing availability. Our five-point strategy addresses health responses. Some governments are not living up to their commitments. Some are responsible for facilitating drug trafficking, min fact. The Venezuelan delegation represent the illegitimate government of Nicolas Maduro and cannot be considered the legitimate. We recognise Juan Guaidó, together with other 50 countries. We want to underscore that our Commission is a forum to share expertise, guide our collective efforts. Only through redoubled actions we will achieve progress.

Israel: The devastating impact of drug abuse on society is a plague no nation has been spared. This Segment is an opportunity to review achievements and assess the way forward. Israel welcomes the adoption of the Ministerial Declaration. We reiterate our commitment to the global effort to achieve those important goals. We reaffirm our support to CND and INCB. As we implement the 2030 agenda, we must remember drug control contributes to development goals. In our efforts to achieve all aspects of drug policy, we established a new authority under the Minister of Public Security, leading on efforts in combatting and coordinating efforts to ensure the safety of all citizens. The new authority focuses on the community. Local and municipal authorities are important. Treatment for drug abuse should be based on a human-rights-centred approach, focusing on those most affected. Programmes must be adapted to gender, age and cultural sensitivities. Israel has developed a wide range of evidence based interventions and programmes, from a very young age. We focus on promoting positive and healthy life skills, and encourage parental involvement. Due to the multicultural nature of our society, we offer a wide range of avenues. We are committed to all people receiving the help they deserve. When appropriate, the criminal justice system offers alternatives to incarnation, including public service and fines. A new reform decriminalised the use of cannabis for first time offenders. They’ll be fined instead. The legislation will come into force next month. A shift from criminal enforcement, to an emphasis on education, prevention and treatment. Particular care given to minors. The pandemic of drug abuse is a global challenge and requires a global commitment. Israel commits to exchange information and best practices to achieve mutual goals.

Poland: We fully support the priorities expressed by the EU in its statement. Thinking about effective implementation of UNGASS recommendations, we should strive to prioritize those that connect us all. Drug policies should be implemented in full alignment with human rights and this means the update of health-care systems. With the constantly changing drug markets and its realities, coordinated responses are needed. We need to intensify our activities and accelerate the implementation of joint commitments. Trafficking is reaching an unprecedented scale and it is increasingly financing terrorist groups and fuels human exploitations; Drug policies should become a broadly understood issue including social and health policies. In Poland, we are particularly affected by the threat of NPS. Our response system focuses around the ministry of health and we developed our priorities in line with current needs: illicit drugs and precursors monitoring. We introduced new, more restrictive regulation on drug producers in response to the increasing problems posed by mostly opiates. To address the effects on public heath and also the implications of growing organized crimes, we responded with new legislative solutions based on cooperation among institutions. Our intention is reaching all parties influenced by the issue. In the pursuit to enhance information collection and coordinate the activities carried out, we fully share the view that anti-drug policies should go beyond the narrowly understood responses on scheduled substances. Policies should be made more in the context of public health and human rights, with respect to the scientific community and civil society.

Sudan on behalf of the League of Arab States: We reiterate our commitments to the 3 conventions as cornerstones and legal foundation of national anti-drug policies. We reiterate our commitment as well as to the political documents of 2009, 2014 and 2016. The Arab group underscores the need for the 2019 ministerial meeting and is on the view that we need to extend the 2019 deadline to attain the goals set forth in 2009, based on a clear timetable to examine implementations a political commitment. The world drug problem is a shared problem and we reaffirm the CND’s leading role as a specialized organ for the implementation of matters related to drugs. The CND is the principle organ for the adoption for resolution and decisions concerning the world drug problem. Our group respects national sovereignty and non-interference principles. We need to think about the differences in economic, social and technological development, cultural, religion and other diversities among ourselves but nevertheless fully respect human rights. Any discussion on the world drug problem must be held in full respect to the 3 drug conventions.  Enabling the use of psychotropic substances clearly flouts these conventions. The 2018 report shows that the non-medical use of Tramadol is on the rise so we call upon the international community to address this. All forms of organized crime and drug trafficking. We express our deepest concern in respect to the incomes generated through illegal drug trade and we should create mechanisms to dismantle these forms of crimes. We welcome the report on the UNODC’s activities and we hope further capacity building. We highlight the need to mobilize resources and consolidation of technical assistance. We stress the need to take into account technical needs based on priorities of the nation states in line with the conventions’ provisions. The efforts by UNODC to mainstream gender equality throughout the implementation of projects it is important to ensure just representation and we encourage all geographical zones to be represented. The Arab representation seems to have been falling short. We hope to see an increase in the staff from Arab countries, in particular from underrepresented countries.

Sudan: The drug problem is becoming ever more complex. This has an impact on the Commission’s responsibilities. Sudan is committed to the three conventions and the 2019, 2016 documents. These documents provide ample basis as well as a structured framework in order to be able to address problems related to drug use. We attach utmost importance to implementation, and the need to ensure respect for the sovereignty of member states and their specificities, and socioeconomic and legal features. We thank all MS who supported our candidature for the Chairmanship of this session. This is a most important session, 10 years after the adoption of the 2009 Political Declaration. Sudan is doing its utmost to combat drug use, adopting numerous measures in order to reduce both supply and demand, and adopt legal frameworks. Data compiled indicates that cannabis is the most widely cultivated drug. We have seen an increase in the use of a number of medical substances and captagon trafficking. Also tramadol. Organised groups are trying to use Sudan as a country of transit to convey heroin and cocaine to Europe. A number of these groups also try to transport captagon to Gulf States via Sudan. We have also witnessed the development of a captagon market, even in Sudan. Our authorities have been successful in seizing and dismantling clandestine laboratories. Illicit organisations try to push our growers to cultivate cannabis, particularly along the border. Competent authorities have organised awareness raising activities and seized shipments. Significant challenges, however. Alternative development programmes could help us curb this illicit cultivation, and promote licit livelihoods. Our authorities are also seeking to heighten cooperation with our counterparts regionally and internationally. We have signed nearly 30 bilateral agreements on combatting drugs and participate actively in events, such as the 28thSession of the Meeting of Heads of National Anti-Drugs Trafficking Bodies in Tanzania in 2018. WE are convinced of the importance of raising awareness. We have established the first national anti-drugs body to that end, responsible for organising activities in this regard. There are 70 NGOs also involved. Tramadol should come under some sort of international control. The prices of products and medical products should lower to be more accessible. On chemical precursor control, we use the PEN online system of INCB. We have also established treatment and rehabilitation centres. We have reviewed our questionnaires.

Bulgaria:The situation of drugs is a matter of national and international importance. Drugs threat and affect the lives of millions around the world. Constantly evolving criminal markets, on the one hand; and demand increase represent new challenges. Countries must boost cooperation. EU drug policy is based on an integrated and balanced approach with full respect for human rights. The development of evidence-based policies and cooperation are at the heart of the EU’s action. The UNGASS Outcome Document is an important step forward in our efforts to tackle the world drug problem, including reduction of supply and demand and developing international cooperation. The UNGASS Outcome Document provides the policy framework for our strategies after 2019. Respect human rights, focusing on people in situations of vulnerability. Actions nationally are directed to public health protection, treatment, prevention, human rights protection, supply reduction, law enforcement, international cooperation. Alternative measures to compulsory sanctions. Taking into account the worldwide situation, we are convinced the high-level forum today is a key development in the right direction.

Slovenia: The CND enables the exchange of experience to explore the joint ways to address the trade in drugs. It also helps to enable human rights responses. In responding to the drug problem, my country implements an approach that is balanced, and scientifically proven which involve multiple actors including non-government actors. We are currently implementing a drug strategy until 2020. We support the work on the ARQ which assists with gathering relevant data to inform responses. We support responses including harm reduction and drug treatment. We support proportionate responses and alternatives to sanctions for people who use drugs. We therefore support the destigmatisation of drug users and their integration into society. Slovenia also support systems in relation to NPS. In recent years, about 122 substances have identified NPS, and we are therefore organising a side event on this topic, to explore responses in line with the UNGASS 2016 outcome. We highlight the global environment in relation to national responses, in particular the legalisation of cannabis, which has an impact on drug policies. My country has observed that timely information is essential and regard that country’s experiences with such policies should be shared. My country wishes to maintain and enhance its cooperation with countries in the Western Balkans in particular. We also call for cooperation with other countries in the region and around the world. We hope that our joint efforts can enable a comprehensive and human drug policy.

Denmark: Denmark welcomes this ministerial segment as an opportunity to address the world drug problem. Progress has been achieved since the adoption of the plan of action in 2009 and the special session in 2016. However the world drug problem continues to challenge the wellbeing of people who use drugs and society as a whole. Drug policies should be balanced, and evidence-based. Prohibition cannot stand alone. Drug treatment and harm reduction, including prevention of overdose deaths, is also needed. Harm reduction measures have been introduced in Denmark and is an essential element of Danish drug policy. This is built on the conviction that drug policy is grounded in human rights. People who use drugs should be treated with dignity. As a result we also believe that the death penalty should be abolished. Despite our joint efforts, we are still facing challenges to the wellbeing of people who use drugs. Not only drug-related deaths, the new substances available are also of concern. Balanced and evidence-based drug policies, based on human rights involving civil society is essential for meeting these challenges.

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Brunei Darussalam: Nearly 38% of drug abusers arrested in 2018 are between 30 to 39 years old. ¾ are males. Most unemployed. Most are local small-scale traffickers. Their illegal proceeds usually sustain their livelihoods. Our laws will need to be further enhanced to meet the evolving rise in abuse of illicit drugs globally. We must ensure deterrence. There is a need to stay vigilant to avoid the problem worsening. Public awareness campaigns, preventive drug education on the consequences of drug abuse are important. Herbal products/plants as gardening plants might contain psychoactive substances. Brunei is committed to cooperation. We align ourselves with the ASEAN drug-free vision. There’s no one-size-fits-all approach. Drug policy reform undertaken by some countries towards legalisation for nonmedical and non-scientific use, widely discussed during the recent ASEAN meeting in Vietnam, represents ASEAN standing on these matters. The Conventions are the cornerstone of the international drug control framework. The CND has played an important political role in drug control as the principal policymaking body. We support the roles of UNODC and INCB. International cooperation is more vital than ever. We must continue to uphold the Conventions, based on shared responsibility and common understanding of the world drug problem. Our aspiration for a drug free societies are gage to protect our communities.

Portugal: This Ministerial Segment follows closely UNGASS and the focus on global drug policy and what we want to achieve together for the next decade and beyond. We have many important issues to debate in the next days and week. I assure you of my full cooperation in this work. I want to stress also that Portugal associates itself with the EU statement. We welcome the declaration adopted at the Segment and wait with optimism for the outcome of work at the two roundtables looking at the past, present and future of the world drug situation. The MS take stock of many developments and challenges and reistates all commitments made, including the UNGASS as the most comprehensive document to date, and the most recent policy consensus. UNGASS 2016 broadened the scope of global drug policy by looking at demand and supply holistically, including looking at the public health and social consequences of drug use, as well as clearly affirming that all most be done in the framework of human rights. This includes proportionate sentencing. This needs strong international cooperation and interagency cooperation, inclusiveness including civil society, scientists and others. The major achievement of the UNGASS was recognition of the need to promote a public health approach to drugs in line with human rights. It also recognises the need to achieve the SDGs and UN systemwide coherence. At the same time, UNGASS builds upon the foundations of the 2009 Political Declaration including law enforcement, money laundering and judicial cooperation, which are also essential. This MS is a unique opportunity for member states, CSOs and the international community to build upon all recommendations of UNGASS outcome document. Equal efforts should be made to implement all UN conventions and other documents such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights – while implementing drug control policies we respect the basic human rights of all. We recall the importance of implementing all our commitments in due respect of the realities on the ground. We promote a single track approach to promote the implementation of all commitments in practice. We welcome ongoing work to improve the ARQ to reflect all UNGASS dimensions. This is technical work, but one that is decisive and that we cannot delay any longer. The recommendations included in the UNGASS outcome document on health and human dimensions of the world drug problem are not new in Portugal. The Portuguese approach is a model. It has been implementing an integrated and comprehensive drug policy using the principles of humanism and pragmatism, each individual’s circumstances are assessed to identify appropriate responses to them. This includes information, prevention, treatment, harm reduction and reintegration. The implementation of a health and evidence based approach was adopted to decriminalise possession and use, while it remains illegal. We also ensure adequate availability of controlled medicines. Decriminalisation is a key component, but it was only when we adopted a comprehensive approach that it was most effective including prevention, harm reduction, treatment and, yes, supply reduction. Harm reduction is a key component of this approach. But we also continue law enforcement, and measures targeting money laundering and organised crime. Portugal also wants to express our deep regret that the death penalty continues, and we reiterate our opposition to the death penalty in all circumstances. We call for an open debate on how to address the psot-2019 global drug policy with innovative ideas, and to implement the UNGASS outcome document, in striving to respect and protect the human rights of human kind.

Portugal, on behalf of the Pompidou Group: I now want to address you in my capacity of the chair of the Pompidou Group. We urge member states to implement UNGASS and ensure that all steps taken by CND and member states respect all human rights. It has included in its work programme 2019-2022 a repository of all human rights practices and measures to reduce stigma. We reaffirm the need to mainstream a gender perspective in the design and implementation of drug policies through UNGASS implementation. Civil society and those affected have the right to be heard. We are determined to continue efforts to cooperate with CND, UNODC, WHO and the EU. To conclude, we will make every effort to implement the commitments of the MS, which may lead to the adoption of a new strategy in 2021.

Korea. This meeting will reiterate our commitment to address the world drug problem. This year marks the 10thanniversary of the 2009 Political Declaration and Plan of Action. We have made tangible progress in addressing and countering the world drug problem. We have improved our understanding of the programme, and facilitated the sharing of information. Still, we are facing persistent and evolving challenges. Drug markets are expanding, cultivation, production and trafficking are increasing. New challenges are effectively addressed through cooperation among the international community, based on the principle of common and share responsibility. Against this backdrop, the Korean government welcomes the ministerial declaration as a milestone to accelerate the implementation of our commitment and strengthen our cooperation. Taking this opportunity, we reaffirm our continued support for the critical role of the CND as the policymaking body, and UNODC as the leading entity in the UN system to address and counter the world drug problem. We also appreciate the treaty mandated role of INCB and the WHO. I submitted our candidature to the CND membership, hoping to strengthen our contribution to the CND and the increasingly complex challenges of the world drug problem. Strong control over demand, supply and distribution of drugs are key to addressing the world drug problem. We have implemented various measures. To reduce demand for drugs, we instituted the national drug control strategy in 1999, with punishment for drugs. To curb supply, we have actively participated in the international programmes to regulate raw materials of drugs and reinforce domestic legal systems. We also increased penalties for several drug offences. The governments strengthened controls over distribution of drugs over the internet. We have introduced legislation against advertisement and marketing online. Recognising the importance of international cooperation, we instituted the Asia Pacific Information and Coordination Centre for Combatting Drug Crimes in 2012 and held meetings on drug related crimes. In closing, I stress once again that organised cooperation can go a long way towards combatting the world drug problem. I hope that this meeting will provide an opportunity to share valuable experience and insight gained so far and reaffirm our commitment to further cooperation.

Lebanon: I’m pleased today to address this statement to you on behalf of the Minister of Justice of Lebanon wishing you all success in this session. I thank the CND chair and members for all the efforts that they undertake in full determination to address the world drug problem in cooperation with all countries. Addressing the drug problem in Lebanon is done by the Ministry of Justice but this cannot be done in isolation. It does not just rest with the government or a Ministry alone. It is a joint responsibility involving many stakeholders. It is an international responsibility requiring states to work together and regional and international organisations to achieve the objectives set out to solve this problem. In cooperation with other ministries, the Ministry of Justice undertakes the utmost efforts to address the scourge of drugs and prevent it. It plays an important role in prevention through the committee on prevention and awareness raising campaigns. It also coordinates with all ministries and international organisations. We hosted UNODC in Beirut in 2013 to hold workshops. We participated with other relevant ministries in setting the strategy as established by the Ministry of Health: the inter-ministerial strategy to counter the drug problem. The Ministry of Interior and Municipal Affairs, through our central anti-narcotics bureau, has played a pivotal role in countering this dilemma through arresting smugglers and dealers, and seizing huge quantities of substances, as well as eradicating areas of cultivation. We also confiscated drugs. There are many risks involved in this. Many law enforcement officials have been injured or killed. We also strengthen cooperation with all state and international authorities. In a connected context, the Ministries of Health, Education and Social Work work to ensure awareness in schools, universities to reduce drug demand and through the Committee on Addiction provides optimal treatment through three stages of treatment. Our penal system has applied the regulations and provisions of the drug law of 1998 and has handed down appropriate sentences against smugglers and dealers to reduce the supply of drugs. It also tries to counter money laundering gangs in cooperation with the central bank of Lebanon to prevent gangs from concealing the proceeds of crime. We continue to implement the UN drug conventions, the 2009 Political Declaration and the UNAGSS outcome document including the 7 thematic priorities of the document. We look further to more cooperation with UNODC to further deliver on our list of priorities agreed in furtherance of our commitments.

Kyrgyz Republic: Thanks to the active steps in combatting organised crime, we have achieved some results to reduce demand and supply, combat money laundering and step up cooperation in the legal sphere. To implement our commitments in connection with the UN conventions, the 2009 Political Declaration and UNGASS, we have adopted the anti-drug programme of the republic. We developed measures to reduce drug use and the impacts of drug use. We have reached positive results in changing the positive trends in drug use: the number of people requiring assistance for drug use went down. Drug use has shifted towards groups of the population of higher age, people below 19 are only 1%, those 20-24 are only 6% of all users. This is thanks to our prevention measures and by involving all state agencies in this work. We have actively combatted the spread of illegal drugs, cultivation of poppy and cannabis. Reduction in cultivation has been done through agricultural development and land availability and eradication. At the same time, we have seen greater numbers of NPS. We take serious measures to combat money laundering and we have the necessary legal base for it. Our national drug agency and national bank monitor the use of electronic payments and transfers. We work together with the UN, including UNODC, INCB, WHO and other organisations. All these indicators show that we are an active participant for the global system on drug control and are fulfilling our obligations from the 2009 Political Declaration considered today, working together with relevant national and regional organisations, we also work with civil society, the public and the private sector. We are determined to reduce the threat posed by drugs. We continue to commit to addressing these threats.

Costa Rica: We align ourselves to the statement of the G77+China and are satisfied with the adaptation of the declaration this morning. We welcome multilateral efforts as my country is a strong proponent of international cooperation. Our work on the declaration signaled our common ability to effectively come together to address important issues. We acknowledge the role of CND, the conventions and the political documents of 2009, 2014 and 2016 that are complementary and mutually reinforcing papers.  Respect to human rights, safety of people, crime prevention and ensuring development are key aspects of our work. The minstrel declaration is a statement but we think the human individual and the rights of the individual should serve as the bedrock of the international drug policy regime and we should ensure all individuals fully enjoy their rights to health. We advocate for tackling criminal activities but with minimal intervention of criminal law and with respect to proportionality – we strongly oppose the death paneity. Financial investment should shift f from punitive responses to address root causes and take care of vulnerable groups, particularly, the youth. We must adopt a gender sensitive approach and reassess the concept of alternative development with a crosscutting view and seek to improve the quality of life to those who are exposed to illegal trade, improve the economic potential of marginalized communities by building support networks and cooperate with CSOs. We have a situation in Costa Rica where we focus on the decriminalization of use and proportionate sentencing and gender specific measures. We have a national treatment policy in place and a supervision of treatment programmes. We work hand in hand with a harm reduction program and opened a debate to facilitate coordination among civil society and government officials. We have at hand not a drug problem but a problem that is lack of opportunity, health. It is a social, health issue. We are open to engage in real discussions pursuing  tangible efforts.

Afghanistan: I am representing a government that is struggling at the forefront of the drug problem. We are witnessing state sponsored narco-terrorism, organized crime that spans nations and destabilizes international peace and security. We have been in conflict for over 4 decades. The trends reflected in drug issues has been well reported. Poverty and unemployment intensified its effect on society where more than 3 millions are addicted to opiates that increases pressure on treatment facilities. Our national drug action plan outlines our pursuit to have a balanced approach to counter the world drug problem and embed it in a broader context to further good governance, security and prosperity, we are committed to take concrete actions, we conducted more than 3000 operations that lead to thousand of arrests and seizures of opiates as well as cannabis resin. We destroyed processing labs and storage facilities in the thousands. We are well aware that significant production takes place in instable provinces that benefits illegal armed groups. To alleviate unfavorable social context that lead to the problems, we address those. We are a producing country – there are a great deal of countries however that are engaged in the process so the solution requires global cooperation. The mechanisms and initiatives had made some progress but we miss a full-fledged strategy that brings all into one framework and engaging further nations. We initiated several undertakings to tackle the drug problem we remain committed but need the support of the international community. I thank all of our allies.

Romania: Our country holds the presidency of the council of the EU. Align with statement from the EU. All our efforts are needed, not just for multilateralism but our nations will benefit from joint action. Way forward is obtaining tangible progress in addressing the world drug problem. Streamlined Annual Reports Questionnaire represents such a measure. Collecting relevant and reliable data will help us to assess progress. Has the potential to improve drug policy worldwide. UNODC’s World Drug Report recognizes that the range and markets of drugs have expanded and diversified. Clear we need to step up our response. Problems are evolving quickly and we are confronted with highly dynamic and complex phenomenon, such as new psychoactive substances, misuse of internet, darknet, and other forms of organized crime. Support complete and broad implementation of UNGASS outcome document. Strengthen prevention and public health related measures, and human rights dimension, of world drug problem. UNGASS outcome document is a milestone and progressive step in international drug policy. Welcome the ministerial segment. Need to multiply our actions. To substantially improve the situation, number of factors need to be met. First, continue to involve civil society and academia. Second, enhance cooperation between UNODC and relevant UN agencies. Third, implement the UNGASS outcome document recommendations in alignment with the SDGs. Fourth, adopt alternatives to coercive actions in order to prevent crime, reduce recidivism, and enhance productivity of criminal systems. Further, proportionate responses for drug offences that respect the rule of law, proportionality, and human rights are needed. Fifth, promote alternative development and contribute to achievement of SDGs, especially related to poverty, climate, food security, life on land, and peace and justice. Fully respect all human rights. In line with EU position, defend proportionality including with respect to capital punishment. Ministerial segment is a good opportunity to send a strong political message. Further contribute to broader UN priorities of human rights, peace and security, and enhancing development. We need to protect health, security, and development of our people.

Venezuela (replying to US): Mentioned by country of US. Manipulated information on the situation in Venezuela. Series of events taken place by plan launched by US with main goal of overthrowing government and replacing it with a puppet. Violating our constitution. All efforts made to justify this self-declaration of presidency is not in keeping with interests of our country. In Venezuela, unilateral, illegal intervention perpetuated by the US to take control of largest oil reserves in our country. Recent theft carried out in our country of refineries amounting to 5 billion USD. Calling for similar activities by other countries. Let us recall that US era of colonialism has passed. Manipulate the CND to impose doctrine in countries like the so-called Plan Colombia, which led to military bases in Colombia. President of a different country doesn’t decide who is president in Venezuela. This is illegal. It is interference. What is happening in Venezuela could be a dangerous precedent for others. We strongly support multilateralism. We are committed to resolving disputes in this way and deplore that others are trying to undermine the bedrock of multilateralism. Colonialism has been overthrown and that has been the case for hundreds of years. This will be staunchly defended by our people.


ITEM 4 DEBATES CONTINUED AFTER 19:00

Mongolia: Mongolia congratulates the CND Chair for his election as the chair of the 62ndsession. I extend our congratulations to other members of the bureau. We align with the Asia Pacific and G77 and China statements. We gather here to take stock of the implementation of our commitments on the world drug problem. We shared the view that over the past decade significant progress has been achieved. But this is a momentum for the international community to address multifaceted challenges. Our deliberations are crucial to achieve our common goals of a society free of drug abuse. We are committed to the implementation of all three conventions, the 2009 political declaration and the 2016 UNGASS outcome. We are not immune to the drug problem. We are resolved to make every effort to counter the drug abuse to protect the health and well being of individuals. We have increased outreach and awareness programmes. Since the adoption of our first drug law in 2002, we have made significant strides. In 2017, we adopted a national action plan to combat illicit trafficking. In 2018, we adopted a new law on treatment of drug abuse disorders. To increase public awareness and prevent drug abuse, we have TV programmes. We have developed guidelines. We conducted workshops with university students. Last year, the government destroyed tons of crops. But worrying trends persist. In the last 5 years, criminal offences involving young people have continually increased. This group comprised 82% of total drug offences. We need to continue to protect children and youth and appeal UNODC and member states to further enhance our efforts to protect young generations. The Youth Forum will be instrumental to our work. We are committed to international cooperation in all aspects: health, law enforcement and justice. Efforts must be taken by all member states, we must exchange up to date information and develop new legal frameworks. We are confident that this Ministerial Segment will deliver fruitful results.

Spain: Spain subscribes to the statement made by the EU. An essential aim of the Ministry of Health is to work to improve the health of the population, including strategies so that all Spanish people can live as long as possible with the best quality of life. In the field of addictions, the government coordinates and fosters the national drug policy to achieve this goals. We are sharing our experience and approach here, which has been effective in our country. On the national strategy on addictions 2017-2024: this is based on an evaluation of the previous strategy, consultations. It includes tobacco, NPS, behavioural addictions and drugs. It is based on the principles of human rights and the right to life, balanced approach and coordination in the design, implementation and evaluation of all drug strategies in collaboration with all stakeholders, including civil society. We focus on prevention, risk and harm reduction and treatment, universal and free treatment and social reintegration and access to employment. We also aim to foster police and international cooperation.  We need prevention to reduce risk factors and increase protection factors. But we also need to show the consumer with a healthy way forward, we have the responsibility to reduce the risks and consequences of drug use. We base our decisions on scientific evidence and reliable quality information. We have an early warning mechanism and we collaborate with the EMCDDA. We focus on those most vulnerable: youth, old people, people in prison, people with disabilities and women whose addiction is further punished by social rejection. I want to focus on COPOLAD and international cooperation. COPOLAD is led by Spain and funded by the EU. We respect the international conventions including human rights law and the SDGs. To conclude, we are one of the countries with the longest life expectancy. We continue with our goal to continue making our country safe and healthy. In this document, I am proving our commitment to making this possible. We have to work together with the international community. We want to conclude with principles set in the UNGASS and the 2019 Ministerial Declaration.

Indonesia: Indonesia associates with the statement of the G77 and China and the Asia Pacific Group. We want to add the following statement in our national capacity. 10 years have passed since the adoption of the 2009 political declaration. But the world drug problem remains rampant and we are regressing in some areas, including drug use. We should discuss progress and continue the implementation of the commitments, including the goals set out in 2009, which should be expanded beyond 2019. Bearing this in mind, let me share our efforts. First, the anti-narcotic policies of Indonesia focus on a balance between demand and supply. We have launched our national action plan focusing on prevention of drug abuse and addiction of illicit drugs, rehab and treatment, as well as research. We provide treatment and rehab of victims of drug exposure. We implement drop in centres in various provinces of Indonesia. Second, we are in a state of emergency because of drug abuse and illicit trafficking. There are specific drug-prone areas to smuggling and illicit cultivation and trafficking. We have established a national interdiction task force to combat illicit drugs coming in and out of Indonesia. We initiated the interdiction task force to combat transnational drug trafficking. There are many more types of NPS circulating in Indonesia, many have been controlled, including ATS, meth and synthetic cannabinoids. NPS pose a serious threat to public health, communities and the nation. Third, international cooperation remains important to counter drug syndicates. We must address perpetrators of organised crime and trafficking via mutual legal assistance, and we established 8 bilateral agreements on evaluation. The national narcotic agency conducted interdiction trainings to officials for other countries of the region in the border of Indonesia. I wish to thank the UNODC for its support. We are of the view that every country has a unique characteristic.

Kazakhstan: Wish us all a fruitful session. I express my gratitude to UNODC for helping us counter drug trafficking. Our strategy is based on the UN programme in this field. We have made use of our status as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and have aimed to achieve the SDGs within this body. Regionally, we note the excellent work conducted by UNODC in Central Asia, with working meetings, seminars, conferences as part of the implementation of the UN anti-drugs programme. We have a national security strategy determining our methods for combatting drug trafficking. We have confiscated almost 600 kg of heroin over the past 5 years. Nationally, we carry out SGDO efforts. We work to set up an international steering body for this body. We have achieved excellent results with a reduction in drug users in all categories. We welcome the support of UNODC and the EU in this regard. Providing humanitarian aid is also key, with training to Afghan specialists. It’s important to continue to use the Central Asia regional information centre. It has great promise in combatting drug trafficking, in addition to member states and international and regional forums. This is a key forum to discuss current challenges. We welcome the efforts of UNODC and donor countries to support these activities. We uphold the implementation of the UNGASS outcome document. It is important for us to improve our legislative basis for combatting drugs. Today we use international best practice to improve our systems to block electronic payments and transfers. The surge in NPS is a multifaceted challenge. The use of the internet to sell NPS needs to be tackled through coordinated measures. We have blocked over 6,000 websites, most located outside of Kazakhstan. We also focus on international payment systems. We must strengthen international cooperation, including countering NPS, internet drug trafficking and blocking internet payment systems used by international traffickers. We aim to provide healthcare to drug users, and we involve NGOs here. We pay attention to our education sector and schools in collaboration with the EU. We want to strengthen international cooperation with other partners: UNODC, OSCE, EU. We have seen increased used of cannabis for medical purposes. We need a well thought through and balanced policy in this area. Cannabis use for recreational purposes can only take place in the limits of the UN drug conventions. We stand ready to work on building anti-drug cooperation and achieving practical results.

Germany: The world drug problem has neither been resolved nor has it been resolved in recent years. What we are seeing in some parts of the world is a return to the war on drugs and human rights violations commited in its name, growing rates of drug abuse and rise in cultivation. This list could go on and on. The reasons are many, including the fact that we have not stood shoulder to shoulder to confront the problem as one. The international drug policy community is drifting further and further apart, with radical positions and harsh accusations. The world drug problem is complex and knows no borders. We can only respond to it together. I am convinced that multilateralism, pursued in a spirit of trust, is the only way to reduce the problem. If we look at the development aspects, we may even succeed in stabilising fragile societies, with alternative development and the SDGs. 10 years ago, we agreed on goals and policies in the 2009 Political Declaration. This includes not only the often cited OP36, but also the commitment to multilateral cooperation and the undertaking to respect human rights. The years followed with the adoption of the 2014 JMS and the 2016 UNGASS outcome document. The commitments in these three documents are complementary and mutually reinforcing. UNGASS is the most recent and comprehensive policy paper. The international community would be well advised not to fall short of the international consensus reflected in the UNGASS. This is because supply reduction and law enforcement alone cannot resolve the drug problem. As a crucial first step, substance addiction is a disease, and people need counselling, support and therapy. What we need is a balanced health-oriented evidence-based approach in drug policy. This is particularly spelled out in the UNAGSS outcome document. In addition to supply reduction, we must commit to prevention so that people don’t reach for drugs in the first place. We must commit to harm reduction, since this is the only way people become treatable. And we need the best medical and therapeutic care for drug addicts. Finally, I express my hope that given the many diverging views, we cannot lose sight of our overarching aims, or lose sight of cultivators and users and the help that they need.

Irak.The drug problem is a major challenge facing the world, it is a scourge and a serious phenomenon threatening children and youth. Generations will bear the leadership of the world in the coming decade, and will grow up stricken by the disease of drugs with physical and psychological impacts. The drug problem does not recognise geographical borders and there is a common and shared responsibility in responding to this problem and avoid more victims of this serious scourge. We reaffirm the importance the three international conventions as the cornerstone, in addition to legal instruments adopted in the past decade. They are mutually reinforcing. We reaffirm the direct and deep nexus between drug trafficking, money laundering and the financing of terrorism and organised crime. Most proceeds are used to support terrorism. CND is the basic instrument for decision making in this matter, we support the efforts of the INCB which is a judicial body which monitors compliance with the UN drug conventions. Here we welcome the ministerial conference this year, to take stock of the implementation of the commitments made by countries of the world, especially those appearing in the 2009 political declaration. On the basis of common responsibility and solidarity, we welcome the adoption of the ministerial declaration of 2019. It is balanced and reflects many of our aspiration. We have Law 50 of 2017, with our national strategy to counter drugs and treat addicts. We head this by the Ministry of Health and other ministries. Dealing with this phenomenon, we have established subcommittees in all provinces which have accomplished much, in addition to legal texts, to ensure that people are treated and reintegrated into society. We renew our commitments to work with partners, including UNODC and INCB and regional and bilateral partnerships. We have established mechanisms to strengthen border control. We deal with drug addiction which is relatively new in our society. We prevent smuggling and address trafficking. We applaud the UNODC for its work in this field, but more training, capacity building and border controls are needed. We have set up a container training programme to avoid smuggling. We renew our call to UNODC to increase its support and assistance in consultation with member states. We look forward to exert more efforts for a safe and drug-free future.

Bahrain: I convey to you the greetings of the Minister of Interior and wishes of the success of this meeting and to continue reinforcing security cooperation to achieve better methods to counter the problem of narcotics. We convey our hope to lay down realistic solutions to counter the world drug problem. We cannot deny challenges creating additional burdens on law enforcement nationally and internationally, including the connection of drug crimes and other drug crimes, in addition to the rapid development of NPS, and attempts to traffic large quantities of these drugs which destroy our community. This gathering takes place in the context of the support of our leadership to the efforts to combat drugs and limit demand. This is in line with the vision of our country so that people enjoy a healthy lifestyle and a positive environment. We pay close attention to the implementation of a comprehensive strategy to combat narcotics in collaboration with UNODC, in line with the UN drug control treaties to combat these poisons at the source and provide treatment to substance abusers and reintegrate them into the community. We adopted a narcotics plan in 2015, at the time of the UN day on June 26th. We have proceeded along that path. The task force follows the implementation of the objectives of the national plan, to combat and limit the problem of counternarcotics. We are evaluating the current plan to elaborate our second national plan in 2022. Close collaboration with UNODC continues and coordination with the regional office of cooperation councils in Abu Dhabi has led to the holding of workshops and the training of professionals. We express our gratitude to the director of the UNODC office in Arab states. Exchange of security information in the region and delivery operations is key as this problem can only be confronted in collaboration with other countries of the region. Recently our counternarcotics regional directorate of criminal investigations and forensic evidence made a great achievement for an award on effective cooperation at international and Arab levels. The results of international cooperation and exchange of information with a number of states was highlighted. We also do outreach and media campaigns, including through the forensic media branch to increase our awareness of the harmful effects of counternarcotics and reach specific members of the community, including lectures, exhibits, at schools, work, sports clubs and others. The Ministry of Interior has launched the programme ‘Together’ in schools and is one of the most important to combat narcotics and strengthen community participation. The Minister of Interior ordered an increase in the community police forces to reach 200 schools throughout the kingdom and increase the numbers of students reached. This reinforces community participation. This programme also gained an award from the USA. The drugs scourge can only be combatted through security aspects against drug syndicates and gangs to save our communities. We are confident that this conference is a turning point and landmark in international efforts to counter narcotics to emphasize international cooperation because all countries are paying a heavy price. I invite you to visit the exhibit of our Kingdom to be more accounted with our programmes. May God help us all.

China: This year’s meeting carries a double significance. Looking back at our efforts following from 2009 Document and charts the road ahead. China recognises the work of the UNODC, CND and INCB in helping the international community address drug threats and safeguarding health and wellbeing.  They’ve participated to implement drug agreements and SDGs. China has implemented the 3 conventions and the 2009 document. We have initiated a drug prevention programme to build an online platform for young people. So far, 80 million students from 200 thousand schools have joined. Ensuring access and availability of treatment and access to controlled medicines. Crackdown on manufacturing of illicit substances. Launched operations against smuggling. Strengthened our anti-money laundering efforts. We strictly control our drugs and chemical precursors based on humanitarianisms and principles of shared and common responsibilities. We schedule new analogue substances, using complex technologies to identify chemicals and dismantle production. Assessment scheme including wastewater analysis to ensure accuracy. China’s drug situation is turning for the better. By the end of 2018, 2.5 million drug users, 0.7% of the population. Past two years, increase of new drug users. People leaving poverty. Under the convention, international community making significant efforts. However, as noted in the world drug report, the magnitude and complexity of the markets poses severe challenges. The division between producing, transit and consuming no longer works. Looking ahead, upholding the Conventions and agreements remains the indispensable solution. Philosophy of shared future of humankind and work together to fight the scourge. The Conventions are the cornerstone of this system. We call on countries to implement the Conventions and the 2009, 2014 and 2016 documents. Experience sharing – Legislations and policies expanding databases and measures against production and trafficking show the way. The UN has suggested boosting dissemination of best practices. Innovation – Drug control measures are outpaced by changes in the market. Drug hazards are complexities by the internet and new technologies. Countries should tie their loose ends in this regard. Deepening cooperation – Addressing the drug problem requires a global response to a global problem. The UN can foster this, including more effective early warning systems.

Paraguay: Diseases seemingly incurable can be treated now. Medicine and technologies have made huge steps forward. Except for some chronic diseases, such as diabetes and others, which are treatable. Regarding drug consumption, the international scientific community is still trying to develop successful neuroscientific treatments. Coexisting with this chronic, recurring disease is complex. Prevention is always the best public strategy. For our country, the proliferation of minor drug traffickers is alarming. In Latin America and the Caribbean, this is a challenge. They deal in the most toxic form of cocaine (smokeable, base paste). Consumers are the most vulnerable in our populations and we’re concerned. It destroys families and communities. It has become a family business to overcome poverty. Impact on neighbours and communities. Even affected the middle class. It has been devastating. Other substances, including impurities, have caused harm and death. NPS are a serious problem and a challenge for our countries and laws. It is difficult to control them because of the molecular variables occurring every day. Our government has shown commitment and determination to deal with this complex issue, implementing our national drugs plan, integrating tools and systems to enable our country to achieve our national goals. In coordination with international agreements in the field of drugs. We hope it will help us achieve the SDGs. We also believe in the impetus of policies for women, so that they can be empowered, equal and active in all areas of life. In our commitment and fight against illicit durg trafficking and transitional organised crime, we have achieved: 86 micro-trafficking networks dismantled, 96 micro-traffickers detained, 22,000+ cocaine seized, other seizures. We call attention towards the gender divide. Women suffer stigma and exclusion from services and treatment and thus are more vulnerable.

Turkmenistan: We acknowledge the UN role as guarantor of peace and security of the world. In accordance with our obligations, we pursue a proactive policy of combatting illegal trafficking and other challenges. We work with international organisations and partners. We participate in international programmes and projects of UNODC (terrorism, crime, drug control). We also engage with our regional peers. We have concluded agreements with many States. Recently, with the Russian Federation. We are working in a cooperation protocol along the Caspian Sea states to combat smuggling. WE are involved at the regional level too. Our authorities cooperate with CARIC closely. We have adopted 5 antidrug programmes. 2015-2020: Sixth working plan for a healthy society. Demand reduction measures. Mitigating negative impact of drug addiction by promoting healthy lifestyles. Turning public opinion against drug use. With our media and government departments. Shut down small scale drug dealers and eradicate crops. Successfully hamper drug trafficking and reduce it. Measures to further enhance our national legislation through antidrug laws with techniques identifying NPS and drugs. Capacity building for specialists. WE honour our international obligations. It’s only through joined efforts and coordinated action that we’ll achieve progress.

Saudi Arabia: We meet after the lapse of ten years since the Political Declaration and Plan of Action of 2009. The drug problem remains the foremost challenge confronting all societies in the world. It requires combined international efforts. Saudi Arabia is a signatory to all conventions and protocols related to combatting this problem. We reaffirm our commitment to the contents of these documents. And our keenness to enhance and support endeavours in this direction in keeping with the 2009, 2014 and the 2016 documents; all complimentary instruments to combat narcotics in full respect for sovereignty and laws of member states. Saudi Arabia accords great importance to this Ministerial Segment. It reviews existing and emerging challenges to tackle the world drug problem, through international cooperation based on the principle of common and shared responsibility. We take all efforts to enhance regional and international cooperation to reduce demand and supply. In supply reduction, we have an integrated system since 2005, issued executive by laws to facilitate tackling parallel investigations relevant to drug control including money laundering. In demand reduction, national committee that works on prevention, treatment and rehabilitation. National committee to combat drugs. Drug prevention national project, including seven preventative programmes based on research and scientific studies as well as experiences of other countries. IN partnership with the private sector and other private bodies. The Kingdom provides free treatment for addicts in a confidential manner. 15 specialised hospitals treating addicts and psychological disorders with the latest technologies. We protect citizens from the evils of drugs and the right to enjoy from a life free from drugs. On the other hand, we express concern regarding repeated calls for legalising narcotics for therapy and recreation. It runs counter to conventions and protocols and increases challenges and measures. IN conclusion, we reaffirm our attachment to cooperation and action. Led by the CND, which charts effective policy to counter the world drug problem. We call to intensity efforts in this regard.

Tunisia: We attach great importance to the Ministerial Segment. We support all positions in the Ministerial Declaration. Particularly measures to accelerate the implementation of commitments undertaken in the context of international instruments and documents. Testifies to our commitment to counter the world drug problem. I subscribe to the statements of the Arab Group, African Group, and G77 & China, particularly on stepping up cooperation. As part of our national policy to implement the objectives of the Political Declaration of 2009, and the 2014 Ministerial Declaration, and the 2016 Outcome Document, Tunisia is putting in place a strategy for the provision of care to drug users. In February 2009, we set focal points and multidisciplinary regional centres, rehabilitation centres, for mental health services and social and economic services. To support our youth and combat this scourge. Judges can apply case law now in drug cases. Chapter 12 has been abrogated. It allowed judges to impose 5 year prison sentences to drug users and a fine of a minimum of 1,000 dinars. The new approach is thus positive change. Our draft law also looks at treatment options. We have set up two prevention and advise centres for drug users. We have introduced new specialisations at our universities and medical schools with the aim of training doctors to provide addiction treatment. We call on partners to help us roll this out across our territory. We hosted an INCB mission in 201X. They found our government’s work to provide services to drug users were quite valuable and included prison services in this. They noted the responsible nature of our approach and the legislative initiatives. I would like to note the importance of joint efforts and radical solutions to the scourge of drugs. Approaches that can be applied globally and take on board different dimensions: education, socioeconomic and treatment dimensions. With support with civil society.

Peru: We start by stressing the information of UN reports that show sustained growth in consumption. 18.2 million users today. The reports also reveal sustained growth in potential cocaine production in Andean countries. In other words, the increase in cocaine consumption has been accompanied in production. The market trends of cocaine have an impact on production and trade of its raw material, the coca leaf. The demand leads an expansion of the crop. For Peru, production only went 10% to licit market. The illicit coca leaf production and cocaine production cause damages that breach human freedoms. Including environmental damage (fertilisers, water pollution and deforestation); thus limiting productive diversification and development. To deal with this problem, Peru approaches the issue as a matter of security and public health. It’s a socioeconomic problem to be combatted by social and economic development. An essential component of our policies is alternative and sustainable development. Past successful experiences reaffirm the benefit of alternative development. For instance, in Alto Huallaga, thanks to the strategy of alternative development, we have slowed down the expansion of coca leaf and introduced cocoa and coffee as crops. This change has led to a change from 16,000 ha in only 9 years. It means that we have managed to reduce 100 tonnes of cocaine from the illicit market. Through sustained public/private investment in new markets. Armed forces participation. In the VRAE, intervention is a priority. It’s a heterogeneous landscape that requires assistance for development and reducing divisions. We have approved an intervention: 2021 strategy. Alternative development to change the socioeconomic matrix of the region. Includes best practices in other regions (Satipo) between 2012 and 2018; a joint programme with the EU. Peru values the contribution of Europe, Asia and the US to Alternative Development and we would like to talk about a draft shared agenda that we will be working on together through to 2021 to general wellbeing in territories affected by drug trafficking, We believe the Ministerial Segment of the CND is an excellent opportunity to reaffirm our collective commitment to the 2009 Plan, as well as the 2014 and 2016 documents. I stress the role played by CND, WHO, UNODC in all of this.

Palestine: We reiterate our commitment to the Treaties. Also, to the 2009, 2014 and 2016 documents. We are committed to preserve the health and security of Palestinian society. The three aforementioned documents encapsulate our commitment to address the world drug problem in a balanced manner. We welcome the Ministerial Declaration adopted this morning. We reiterate that the world drug problem is a problem of common and shared responsibility. One that requires cooperation and multilateralism. Integrated and multidisciplinary approach is needed. We must protect our society from the dangers of the scourge of drugs. Address the problem because it poses a serious threat to the resources and future generations of our states. Our country has a strategy and national plan. Including measures to reduce supply and demand. Our aim is to address the problem comprehensively and enhance international cooperation. And to do so, in keeping with the UN Charter spirit, human rights charter and insertional law and the idea of inherent dignity of all persons, the State of Palestine lives up to its international commitments. Ever since we joined the UN we have worked to sign up to all conventions and treaties based on our conviction that we must strengthen efforts, despite being a state under occupation. WE are also affected by drugs. We have programmes with UNDOC and the EU, the Korean cooperation organisation, EUROPOL, Canadian cooperation and German. WE have also adopted a new law on drugs and psychotropic in keeping with international standards in the field. When it comes to awareness raising and prevention, we work with civil society to ensure prevention is mainstreamed in all programmes. Neighbourhood patrols, established with support of EU and GIZ. We give importance to treatment and rehabilitation. We recently opened a centre with 55 beds. Special one for women. Treatment with methadone too. We carried a study, including Jerusalem, Gaza strip and the West Bank, with IHI, UNODC; funded by the Korean cooperation organisation. Mental health services by Ministry of health and UNWA. Offering limited and restrictions imposed on freedom of movement and consequences of occupation continue to be factors obstructing the provision of healthcare. We have seized and shut down laboratories and equipment to grow marihuana crops. We have a cooperation programme with Jordan. We are strengthening research in this field. President Abbas ratified the 1988 convention this year. He filed ratification with UN. We strengthened our MoU with countries in the region and internationally. We acknowledge the importance of assistance and support as provided by UNODC. In capacity development, transit countries face difficult challenges; it is important to strengthen technical support and need to do this in compliance with 1988 convention. Palestine reiterates its involvement in regional efforts to counter the drug problem. We’ll continue to strive for a society free of drugs to build dignified and healthy lives.

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