CND Plenary Day 3 – Indonesia

Four achievements with regard to demand reduction. First, embarked on the path to implement the 2009 Political Declaration back in 2009. The laws adopted address demand reduction in a balanced and integrated method. Treatment as an alternative to incarceration, as this respects the rights of humans to access health services and avoids prison overcrowding. Second, spectrum of interventions from early intervention to after-care programs for drug addicts are designed to comprehensively fight the drug problem. Third, collaboration with all stakeholders. Forth, as part of provincial campaign to mainstream demand reduction measures, we declare the year 2014, “the year to save drug abusers.” Promoting and advancing opportunities for treatment and rehabilitation. Not easy to bring a new paradigm.

Have to change the mindset of law enforcement and communicate that it is time for the drug abuser to be treated using health, not criminal measures. Promotes treatment and rehabilitation as integral to demand reduction. Despite progress, there are growing problems involving the abuse of prescription drugs, particularly cough tablets. In 2013, Indonesia implemented stricter controls on drugs. Scale up the classification of substances from over the counter to prescription drugs. Non-scheduled substances, NPS, are in circulation and being abused. Are enacting a new regulation that will control 18 of the 26 NPS. Ketamine will be separately regulated because of its medical use. Forth, developing data. Supply reduction trends: At present, Indonesia is a key transit country and is now an important destination and market for illicit drugs. This poses a challenge to public health, security, and economic well-being. Cannabis is still the most used and abused. Trend is moving from cannabis to amphetamine type stimulates.

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