The areas of cultivation have decreased, but level of productivity has improved, as in Afghanistan for example.
No effective measures have been reported for production and cultivation areas yet. NATO interventions have not managed to disrupt the flow of drugs from Afghanistan to other countries.
Due to measures carried out by Iran in the border with Afghanistan, the risks for drug transit through Iran have decreased: 93% of opiates are seized in Iran. The passage of drugs towards Europe has decreased thanks to the Iran actions. But the reduction in supply is not possible without international cooperation. Cooperation with UNODC and INCB has become one of the priorities of Iran in its combat against illicit drugs.
In 2009, regional cooperation became one of the strategic priorities of the Republic Iran, in collaboration with Afghanistan and Pakistan. The Joint Planning Cell was created as a collaborative project between the three countries.
The Republic of Iran raised major concerns about:
– the continuation of production of opiates in areas not controlled by the Afghanistan government and other areas.
– The lack of transparency on financing transactions.
– The impacts of drugs on women.
Actions to be undertaken notably include:
– Implementing resolutions for financial and technical assistance is necessary
– Finding mechanism for materialising the principle of shared responsibility
– The importance of alternative development in Afghanistan and destroying illicit labs